© 2015 Landscape Research Group Ltd. Abstract: The Dampier Archipelago, situated on the north-western coast of Australia, arguably contains the world’s greatest concentration of engraved rock art. It is also one of Australia’s largest bulk handling ports. Iron ore brought from the inland, gas processed from offshore wells and locally produced sea salt are all sent off to ever-growing international markets. Many regard the wealth generation and job opportunities as benefits without issue. For others, they witness the destruction of an important cultural landscape and rail against the encroaching industry. Aboriginal people hold an integral link to country and all the features (natural and cultural) within this landscape. It is part of their cultural inheritance to maintain and respect the environment and spiritual realm. In 2007, recognising the rock art and other cultural values of the Dampier Archipelago, including Burrup Peninsula, the archipelago was placed on the Australian National Heritage List. Is this enough protection? Many think not.