Bronchiectasis in infants and preschool children diagnosed with cystic fibrosis after newborn screening

Stephen Stick, Siobhan Brennan, C. Murray, T. Douglas, Britta Von Ungern-Sternberg, L.W. Garratt, Catherine Gangell, Nicholas De Klerk, B. Linnane, S. Ranganathan, P. Robinson, C. Robertson, Peter Sly

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229 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ObjectivesTo determine the prevalence of bronchiectasis in young children with cystic fibrosis (CF) diagnosed after newborn screening (NBS) and the relationship of bronchiectasis to pulmonary inflammation and infection.Study designChildren were diagnosed with CF after NBS. Computed tomography and bronchoalveolar lavage were performed with anesthesia (n = 96). Scans were analyzed for the presence and extent of abnormalities.ResultsThe prevalence of bronchiectasis was 22% and increased with age (P = .001). Factors associated with bronchiectasis included absolute neutrophil count (P = .03), neutrophil elastase concentration (P = .001), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection (P = .03).ConclusionsPulmonary abnormalities are common in infants and young children with CF and relate to neutrophilic inflammation and infection with P. aeruginosa. Current models of care for infants with CF fail to prevent respiratory sequelae. Bronchiectasis is a clinically relevant endpoint that could be used for intervention trials that commence soon after CF is diagnosed after NBS.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)623-628 e1
JournalThe Journal of Pediatrics
Volume155
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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