Broad-band activatable white-opsin

S. Batabyal, G. Cervenka, J.H. Ha, Y.T. Kim, S. Mohanty, Wayne Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015 Batabyal et al. Currently, the use of optogenetic sensitization of retinal cells combined with activation/inhibition has the potential to be an alternative to retinal implants that would require electrodes inside every single neuron for high visual resolution. However, clinical translation of optogenetic activation for restoration of vision suffers from the drawback that the narrow spectral sensitivity of an opsin requires active stimulation by a blue laser or a light emitting diode with much higher intensities than ambient light. In order to allow an ambient light-based stimulation paradigm, we report the development of a 'white-opsin' that has broad spectral excitability in the visible spectrum. The cells sensitized with white-opsin showed excitability at an order of magnitude higher with white light compared to using only narrow-band light components. Further, cells sensitized with white-opsin produced a photocurrent that was five times higher than Channelrhodopsin-2 under similar photo-excitation conditions. The use of fast white-opsin may allow opsin-sensitized neurons in a degenerated retina to exhibit a higher sensitivity to ambient white light. This property, therefore, significantly lowers the activation threshold in contrast to conventional approaches that use intense narrowband opsins and light to activate cellular stimulation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e0136958
JournalPLoS One
Volume10
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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