Breakdown of potato virus X resistance gene NX: selection of a group four strain from strain group three

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Abstract

Isolate DX of potato virus X (PVX) caused the typical reactions of a group three strain, systemic top necrosis in presence of potato hypersensitivity gene Nx and mosaic with gene Nb. When tubers harvested from DX‐infected plants of the Nx: Nb cultivars Maris Piper and Pentland Dell were, grown on, most progeny plants were healthy, but some had systemic top necrosis caused by DX while others had mosaic symptoms in upper leaves and severe necrosis in lower ones. Infective sap from the plants with mosaic and necrosis always caused similar symptoms when inoculated to Pentland Dell. Only group four PVX strains can cause systemic infection without top necrosis in Nx:Nb cultivars, so the affected plants all contained a group four strain. That the severe necrosis of their lower leaves resulted from a shock reaction rather than from isolate DX also being present was indicated because the plants partially recovered, inoculations from near to the dilution end‐point failed to demonstrate any separation of strains and behaviour on back‐testing to Pentland Dell was unchanged after passage twice through tubers of this cultivar. Also, although DX caused severe necrotic symptoms in tubers of both Nx: Nb cultivars, these symptoms did not develop in tubers of plants with mosaic and necrosis. When cultured serially in Nicotiana glutinosa, the group four strain eventually reverted to group three.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-331
Number of pages7
JournalPlant Pathology
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1982
Externally publishedYes

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