Boron improves productivity and profitability of bread wheat under zero and plough tillage on alkaline calcareous soil

Faisal Nadeem, Muhammad Farooq, Ahmad Nawaz, Riaz Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In Indo-Gangetic Plains, rice-wheat cropping system (RWC) is often practiced on alkaline soils low in organic matter and plant available boron (B). However, switching towards conservation tillage and B nutrition may help sustain the productivity of bread wheat in RWC. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of B application on the productivity, profitability and grain B concentration of bread wheat sown under plough tillage and zero tillage systems. Boron was delivered through seed priming (0.01 M), foliage application (0.01 M) and soil application (1 kg ha -1 ). There existed significant interaction between B application methods and tillage systems for grain yield and quality traits in bread wheat. Seed priming was the most cost-effective method of B application in improving the grain yield of zero tillage wheat. However, soil applied B was the best in terms of yield improvement of plough tillage wheat. Soil and foliage applied B was better in improving the grain quality through increasing grain B and N concentrations irrespective of both tillage systems. Zero tillage in wheat increased the total soil organic matter by 8.2% than plough tillage wheat. Improvement in soil organic carbon (28%), soil microbial biomass nitrogen (45%) and soil microbial biomass carbon (27%) was also noted in zero tillage than plough tillage at 0-10 cm depth. In conclusion, B application, by either method, improved the performance and profitability of wheat planted in plough tillage and zero tillage systems. However, seed priming and soil application were the most economical and cost-effective methods of B application in zero tillage and plough tillage wheat, respectively. Zero tillage system improved the soil health, physical properties and nutrients availability than plough tillage systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalField Crops Research
Volume239
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

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alkaline soils
calcareous soil
plows
calcareous soils
boron
profitability
tillage
wheat
zero tillage
productivity
no-tillage
seed priming
soil
seed
foliage
soil treatment
cropping practice
microbial biomass
cropping systems
rice

Cite this

@article{6a3a6d79cf394e5392eedf27409b1192,
title = "Boron improves productivity and profitability of bread wheat under zero and plough tillage on alkaline calcareous soil",
abstract = "In Indo-Gangetic Plains, rice-wheat cropping system (RWC) is often practiced on alkaline soils low in organic matter and plant available boron (B). However, switching towards conservation tillage and B nutrition may help sustain the productivity of bread wheat in RWC. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of B application on the productivity, profitability and grain B concentration of bread wheat sown under plough tillage and zero tillage systems. Boron was delivered through seed priming (0.01 M), foliage application (0.01 M) and soil application (1 kg ha -1 ). There existed significant interaction between B application methods and tillage systems for grain yield and quality traits in bread wheat. Seed priming was the most cost-effective method of B application in improving the grain yield of zero tillage wheat. However, soil applied B was the best in terms of yield improvement of plough tillage wheat. Soil and foliage applied B was better in improving the grain quality through increasing grain B and N concentrations irrespective of both tillage systems. Zero tillage in wheat increased the total soil organic matter by 8.2{\%} than plough tillage wheat. Improvement in soil organic carbon (28{\%}), soil microbial biomass nitrogen (45{\%}) and soil microbial biomass carbon (27{\%}) was also noted in zero tillage than plough tillage at 0-10 cm depth. In conclusion, B application, by either method, improved the performance and profitability of wheat planted in plough tillage and zero tillage systems. However, seed priming and soil application were the most economical and cost-effective methods of B application in zero tillage and plough tillage wheat, respectively. Zero tillage system improved the soil health, physical properties and nutrients availability than plough tillage systems.",
keywords = "Economics, Grain quality, Rice-wheat cropping system, Seed priming, Soil health",
author = "Faisal Nadeem and Muhammad Farooq and Ahmad Nawaz and Riaz Ahmad",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.fcr.2019.05.010",
language = "English",
volume = "239",
pages = "1--9",
journal = "Field Crop Research",
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Boron improves productivity and profitability of bread wheat under zero and plough tillage on alkaline calcareous soil. / Nadeem, Faisal; Farooq, Muhammad; Nawaz, Ahmad; Ahmad, Riaz.

In: Field Crops Research, Vol. 239, 01.06.2019, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Boron improves productivity and profitability of bread wheat under zero and plough tillage on alkaline calcareous soil

AU - Nadeem, Faisal

AU - Farooq, Muhammad

AU - Nawaz, Ahmad

AU - Ahmad, Riaz

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - In Indo-Gangetic Plains, rice-wheat cropping system (RWC) is often practiced on alkaline soils low in organic matter and plant available boron (B). However, switching towards conservation tillage and B nutrition may help sustain the productivity of bread wheat in RWC. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of B application on the productivity, profitability and grain B concentration of bread wheat sown under plough tillage and zero tillage systems. Boron was delivered through seed priming (0.01 M), foliage application (0.01 M) and soil application (1 kg ha -1 ). There existed significant interaction between B application methods and tillage systems for grain yield and quality traits in bread wheat. Seed priming was the most cost-effective method of B application in improving the grain yield of zero tillage wheat. However, soil applied B was the best in terms of yield improvement of plough tillage wheat. Soil and foliage applied B was better in improving the grain quality through increasing grain B and N concentrations irrespective of both tillage systems. Zero tillage in wheat increased the total soil organic matter by 8.2% than plough tillage wheat. Improvement in soil organic carbon (28%), soil microbial biomass nitrogen (45%) and soil microbial biomass carbon (27%) was also noted in zero tillage than plough tillage at 0-10 cm depth. In conclusion, B application, by either method, improved the performance and profitability of wheat planted in plough tillage and zero tillage systems. However, seed priming and soil application were the most economical and cost-effective methods of B application in zero tillage and plough tillage wheat, respectively. Zero tillage system improved the soil health, physical properties and nutrients availability than plough tillage systems.

AB - In Indo-Gangetic Plains, rice-wheat cropping system (RWC) is often practiced on alkaline soils low in organic matter and plant available boron (B). However, switching towards conservation tillage and B nutrition may help sustain the productivity of bread wheat in RWC. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of B application on the productivity, profitability and grain B concentration of bread wheat sown under plough tillage and zero tillage systems. Boron was delivered through seed priming (0.01 M), foliage application (0.01 M) and soil application (1 kg ha -1 ). There existed significant interaction between B application methods and tillage systems for grain yield and quality traits in bread wheat. Seed priming was the most cost-effective method of B application in improving the grain yield of zero tillage wheat. However, soil applied B was the best in terms of yield improvement of plough tillage wheat. Soil and foliage applied B was better in improving the grain quality through increasing grain B and N concentrations irrespective of both tillage systems. Zero tillage in wheat increased the total soil organic matter by 8.2% than plough tillage wheat. Improvement in soil organic carbon (28%), soil microbial biomass nitrogen (45%) and soil microbial biomass carbon (27%) was also noted in zero tillage than plough tillage at 0-10 cm depth. In conclusion, B application, by either method, improved the performance and profitability of wheat planted in plough tillage and zero tillage systems. However, seed priming and soil application were the most economical and cost-effective methods of B application in zero tillage and plough tillage wheat, respectively. Zero tillage system improved the soil health, physical properties and nutrients availability than plough tillage systems.

KW - Economics

KW - Grain quality

KW - Rice-wheat cropping system

KW - Seed priming

KW - Soil health

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U2 - 10.1016/j.fcr.2019.05.010

DO - 10.1016/j.fcr.2019.05.010

M3 - Article

VL - 239

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - Field Crop Research

JF - Field Crop Research

SN - 0378-4290

ER -