Bone Trans-omics: Integrating Omics to Unveil Mechanistic Molecular Networks Regulating Bone Biology and Disease

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of Review
Recent advancements in "omics" technologies and bioinformatics have afforded researchers new tools to study bone biology in an unbiased and holistic way. The purpose of this review is to highlight recent studies integrating multi-omics data gathered from multiple molecular layers (i.e.; trans-omics) to reveal new molecular mechanisms that regulate bone biology and underpin skeletal diseases.

Recent Findings
Bone biologists have traditionally relied on single-omics technologies (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics) to profile measureable differences (both qualitative and quantitative) of individual molecular layers for biological discovery and to investigate mechanisms of disease. Recently, literature has grown on the implementation of integrative multi-omics to study bone biology, which combines computational and informatics support to connect multiple layers of data derived from individual "omic" platforms. This emerging discipline termed "trans-omics" has enabled bone biologists to identify and construct detailed molecular networks, unveiling new pathways and unexpected interactions that have advanced our mechanistic understanding of bone biology and disease.

Summary
While the era of trans-omics is poised to revolutionize our capacity to answer more complex and diverse questions pertinent to bone pathobiology, it also brings new challenges that are inherent when trying to connect "Big Data" sets. A concerted effort between bone biologists and interdisciplinary scientists will undoubtedly be needed to extract physiologically and clinically meaningful data from bone trans-omics in order to advance its implementation in the field.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-502
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Osteoporosis Reports
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

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