Catheter-based renal denervation (RDN) was introduced as a treatment for resistant hyperten-sion. There remain critical questions regarding the physiological mechanisms underlying the hypotensive effects of catheter-based RDN. Previous studies indicate that surgical denervation reduces renin and the natriuretic response to saline loading; however, the effects on these variables of catheter-based RDN, which does not yield complete denervation, are largely unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of catheter-based RDN on glo-merular-associated renin and regulation of fluid and sodium homeo-stasis in response to physiological challenges. First, immunohisto-chemical staining for renin was performed in normotensive sheep (n = 6) and sheep at 1 wk (n = 6), 5.5 mo (n = 5), and 11 mo (n = 5) after unilateral RDN using the same catheter used in patients (Symplicity). Following catheter-based RDN (1 wk), renin-positive glomeruli were significantly reduced compared with sham animals (P < 0.005). This was sustained until 5.5 mo postdenervation. To determine whether the reduction in renin after 1 wk had physiological effects, in a separate cohort, Merino ewes were administered high and low saline loads before and 1 wk after bilateral RDN (n = 9) or sham procedure (n = 8). After RDN (1 wk), the diuretic response to a low saline load was significantly reduced (P < 0.05), and both the diuretic and natriuretic responses to a high saline load were significantly attenuated (P < 0.05). In conclusion, these findings indicate that catheter-based RDN acutely alters the ability of the kidney to regulate fluid and electrolyte balance. Further studies are required to determine the long-term effects of catheter-based RDN on renal sodium and water homeostasis.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Aug 2019|