Blackleg Sporacle: A Model for Predicting Onset of Pseudothecia Maturity and Seasonal Ascospore Showers in Relation to Blackleg of Canola

M.U. Salam, R.K. Khangura, A.J. Diggle, Martin Barbetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A simple model has been developed to predict the onset of pseudothecia maturity and seasonal ascospore showers in relation to blackleg disease in canola, caused by the fungus Leptosphaeria maculans. The model considers a combination of two weather factors, daily mean temperature and daily total rainfall, to drive progress of maturity of pseudothecia on the infested canola stubble left from past crops. Each day is categorized as suitable or not suitable for progress of the maturation process. The onset of pseudothecia maturity occurs when approximately 43 suitable days have occurred. Following the onset of maturity, ascospore showers are triggered when daily rainfall exceeds a threshold. The model satisfactorily predicted the timing of the onset of pseudothecia maturity when tested with 3 years of field observations at four locations in Western Australia, which characteristically has a Mediterranean climate. The model also agreed reasonably well with the daily pattern of ascospore release observed in two locations. Sensitivity analysis was performed to show the relative importance of the parameters that describe the onset of pseudothecia maturity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1073-1081
JournalPhytopathology
Volume93
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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