Bites in Australian snake handlers - Australian snakebite project (ASP-15)

G.K. Isbister, Simon Brown

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    [Truncated abstract] Results: From 1089 snake bites recruited to ASP, there were 106 (9.7%) bites in snake handlers. The median age was 40 years (range: 16–81 years) and 104 (98%) were males. The commonest circumstances of the bites were handling snakes (47), catching snakes (22), feeding snakes (18) and cleaning cages (11). Bites were to the upper limb in 103 cases. Bites were most commonly by Red-bellied black snakes (20), Brown snakes (17), Taipan (15), Tiger snakes (14) and Death adders (14). Envenoming occurred in 77 patients: venom-induced consumption coagulopathy in 45 patients (58%), neurotoxicity in 10 (13%) and myotoxicity in 13 (17%). Systemic hypersensitivity reactions (SHSRs) to venom occurred in eight, satisfying clinical criteria for anaphylaxis in five, of which three were hypotensive. Antivenom was administered in 60 envenomed patients. SHSRs to antivenom occurred in 15 (25%; 95% CI:15–38%), including 2 (3%:1–13%) with severe (hypotensive) reactions....© The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Association of Physicians. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1089-1095
    JournalQJM: an international journal of medicine
    Issue number11
    Early online date8 Aug 2012
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2012


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