Biotechnology approaches to overcome biotic and abiotic stress constraints in legumes

M.A. Dita, N. Rispail, E. Prats, D. Rubiales, Karam Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

193 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biotic and abiotic stresses cause significant yield losses in legumes and can significantly affect their productivity. Biotechnology tools such as marker-assisted breeding, tissue culture, in vitro mutagenesis and genetic transformation can contribute to solve or reduce some of these constraints. However, only limited success has been achieved so far. The emergence of "omic" technologies and the establishment of model legume plants such as Medicago truncatula and Lotus japonicus are promising strategies for understanding the molecular genetic basis of stress resistance, which is an important bottleneck for molecular breeding. Understanding the mechanisms that regulate the expression of stress-related genes is a fundamental issue in plant biology and will be necessary for the genetic improvement of legumes. In this review, we describe the current status of biotechnology approaches in relation to biotic and abiotic stresses in legumes and how these useful tools could be used to improve resistance to important constraints affecting legume crops.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-24
JournalEuphytica
Volume147
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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