Weeds are a major constraint to crop production and a barrier to human efforts to meet the ever-rising global demand for food, fibre and fuel. Managing weeds solely with herbicides is unsustainable due to the rapid evolution of herbicide-resistant weeds. Precise knowledge of the ecology and biology of weeds is of utmost importance to determine the most appropriate nonchemical management techniques. Raphanus raphanistrum L. is an extremely invasive and noxious weed due to its prolific seed production, allelopathic potential, multiple herbicide resistance and biological potential. R. raphanistrum causes high crop yield losses and thus has become one of the most troublesome agricultural and environmental weeds. R. raphanistrum could exchange pollen with herbicide-tolerant canola and could become an environmental threat. This weed has evolved resistance to many herbicides, and relying exclusively on herbicide-based management could lead to severe crop loss and uneconomical cropping. Although reviews are available on the ecology and biology of R. raphanistrum, significant changes in tillage, weed management and agronomic practices have been occurring worldwide. Therefore, it is timely to review the status of noxious weeds in different agro-ecological zones and management scenarios. This review focuses on the response of R. raphanistrum to different cultural, mechanical, biological, chemical and integrated management strategies practiced in various agro-ecosystems, and its biological potential to thrive under different weed management tactics. In addition, this review facilitates a better understanding of R. raphanistrum and describes how weed management outcomes could be improved through exploiting the biology and ecology of the weed.