Biologically targeted radiation therapy: Incorporating patient‐specific hypoxia data derived from quantitative magnetic resonance imaging

Emily J. Her, Annette Haworth, Yu Sun, Scott Williams, Hayley M. Reynolds, Angel Kennedy, Martin A. Ebert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Hypoxia has been linked to radioresistance. Strategies to safely dose escalate dominant intraprostatic lesions have shown promising results, but further dose escalation to overcome the effects of hypoxia require a novel approach to constrain the dose in normal tissue.to safe levels. In this study, we demonstrate a biologically targeted radiotherapy (BiRT) approach that can utilise multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) to target hypoxia for favourable treatment outcomes. Methods: mpMRI‐derived tumour biology maps, developed via a radiogenomics study, were used to generate individualised, hypoxia‐targeting prostate IMRT plans using an ultra‐ hypofractionation schedule. The spatial distribution of mpMRI textural features associated with hypoxia‐related genetic profiles was used as a surrogate of tumour hypoxia. The effectiveness of the proposed approach was assessed by quantifying the potential benefit of a general focal boost approach on tumour control probability, and also by comparing the dose to organs at risk (OARs) with hypoxia‐guided focal dose escalation (DE) plans generated for five patients. Results: Applying an appropriately guided focal boost can greatly mitigate the impact of hypoxia. Statistically significant reductions in rectal and bladder dose were observed for hypoxia‐targeting, biologically optimised plans compared to isoeffective focal DE plans. Conclusion: Results of this study suggest the use of mpMRI for voxel‐level targeting of hypoxia, along with biological optimisation, can provide a mechanism for guiding focal DE that is considerably more efficient than application of a general, dose‐based optimisation, focal boost.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4897
JournalCancers
Volume13
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Biologically targeted radiation therapy: Incorporating patient‐specific hypoxia data derived from quantitative magnetic resonance imaging'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this