This chapter is an attempt to bring together the knowledge centering the ubiquitous topic of sustainable agriculture and the impact biochar (BC) application has on the various attributes pertaining to it. With its growing fame as a soil amendment for cultivation purposes, BC is found to valorize soil nutrient and enzyme dynamics, bringing forth an enhancement in soil fertility. Biochar can act either as a direct or indirect nutrient source. Depending on the feedstock type and pyrolysis conditions employed, BC rich in bioavailable nutrients becomes a direct contributor to the soil nutrient pool. The indirect contribution, in contrast, includes altering the soil physiochemical properties such as pH, soil organic matter, water-holding capacity, water infiltration and soil aeration. Improved retention of micro and macro nutrients which minimizes the nutrient-leaching effect is also a discernible consequence of biochar utilization. Microorganisms, an intricate part of the soil ecosystem and a source of soil enzyme activity, are comprehensively studied to show what effects are posed as a sequel of BC implementation. The diverse means by which BC gets involved in elevating soil quality manages to procure the desired economic and environmental benefits anticipated of sustainable agriculture.
|Title of host publication||Biochar from Biomass and Waste|
|Subtitle of host publication||Fundamentals and Applications|
|Number of pages||14|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2018|