Binary Black Hole Mergers in the First Advanced LIGO Observing Run

B.P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T.D. Abbott, M.R. Abernathy, F. Acernese, K. Ackley, C. Adams, T. Adams, P. Addesso, R.X. Adhikari, V.B. Adya, C. Affeldt, M. Agathos, K. Agatsuma, N. Aggarwal, O.D. Aguiar, L. Aiello, A. Ain, P. Ajith, B. Allen & 67 others A. Allocca, P.A. Altin, S.B. Anderson, W.G. Anderson, K. Arai, M.C. Araya, C.C. Arceneaux, J.S. Areeda, N. Arnaud, K.G. Arun, S. Ascenzi, G. Ashton, M. Ast, S.M. Aston, P. Astone, P. Aufmuth, C. Aulbert, S. Babak, P. Bacon, M.K.M. Bader, P.T. Baker, F. Baldaccini, G. Ballardin, S.W. Ballmer, J.C. Barayoga, S.E. Barclay, B.C. Barish, D. Barker, F. Barone, B. Barr, L. Barsotti, M. Barsuglia, D. Barta, J. Bartlett, I. Bartos, R. Bassiri, A. Basti, J.C. Batch, C. Baune, V. Bavigadda, M. Bazzan, M. Bejger, A.S. Bell, B.K. Berger, G. Bergmann, C.P.L. Berry, D. Bersanetti, A. Bertolini, J. Betzwieser, S. Bhagwat, R. Bhandare, I.A. Bilenko, G. Billingsley, J. Birch, R. Birney, O. Birnholtz, S. Biscans, A. Bisht, M. Bitossi, C. Biwer, M.A. Bizouard, J.K. Blackburn, Carl D. Blair, David G. Blair, R.M. Blair, S. Bloemen, O. Bock

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    616 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The first observational run of the Advanced LIGO detectors, from September 12, 2015 to January 19, 2016, saw the first detections of gravitational waves from binary black hole mergers. In this paper, we present full results from a search for binary black hole merger signals with total masses up to 100M· and detailed implications from our observations of these systems. Our search, based on general-relativistic models of gravitational-wave signals from binary black hole systems, unambiguously identified two signals, GW150914 and GW151226, with a significance of greater than 5s over the observing period. It also identified a third possible signal, LVT151012, with substantially lower significance and with an 87% probability of being of astrophysical origin. We provide detailed estimates of the parameters of the observed systems. Both GW150914 and GW151226 provide an unprecedented opportunity to study the two-body motion of a compact-object binary in the large velocity, highly nonlinear regime. We do not observe any deviations from general relativity, and we place improved empirical bounds on several highorder post-Newtonian coefficients. From our observations, we infer stellar-mass binary black hole merger rates lying in the range 9-240 Gpc-3 yr-1. These observations are beginning to inform astrophysical predictions of binary black hole formation rates and indicate that future observing runs of the Advanced detector network will yield many more gravitational-wave detections.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPhysical Review X
    Volume6
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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    LIGO (observatory)
    gravitational waves
    astrophysics
    detectors
    stellar mass
    relativity
    deviation
    coefficients
    estimates
    predictions

    Cite this

    Abbott, B. P., Abbott, R., Abbott, T. D., Abernathy, M. R., Acernese, F., Ackley, K., ... Bock, O. (2016). Binary Black Hole Mergers in the First Advanced LIGO Observing Run. Physical Review X, 6(4). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevX.6.041015
    Abbott, B.P. ; Abbott, R. ; Abbott, T.D. ; Abernathy, M.R. ; Acernese, F. ; Ackley, K. ; Adams, C. ; Adams, T. ; Addesso, P. ; Adhikari, R.X. ; Adya, V.B. ; Affeldt, C. ; Agathos, M. ; Agatsuma, K. ; Aggarwal, N. ; Aguiar, O.D. ; Aiello, L. ; Ain, A. ; Ajith, P. ; Allen, B. ; Allocca, A. ; Altin, P.A. ; Anderson, S.B. ; Anderson, W.G. ; Arai, K. ; Araya, M.C. ; Arceneaux, C.C. ; Areeda, J.S. ; Arnaud, N. ; Arun, K.G. ; Ascenzi, S. ; Ashton, G. ; Ast, M. ; Aston, S.M. ; Astone, P. ; Aufmuth, P. ; Aulbert, C. ; Babak, S. ; Bacon, P. ; Bader, M.K.M. ; Baker, P.T. ; Baldaccini, F. ; Ballardin, G. ; Ballmer, S.W. ; Barayoga, J.C. ; Barclay, S.E. ; Barish, B.C. ; Barker, D. ; Barone, F. ; Barr, B. ; Barsotti, L. ; Barsuglia, M. ; Barta, D. ; Bartlett, J. ; Bartos, I. ; Bassiri, R. ; Basti, A. ; Batch, J.C. ; Baune, C. ; Bavigadda, V. ; Bazzan, M. ; Bejger, M. ; Bell, A.S. ; Berger, B.K. ; Bergmann, G. ; Berry, C.P.L. ; Bersanetti, D. ; Bertolini, A. ; Betzwieser, J. ; Bhagwat, S. ; Bhandare, R. ; Bilenko, I.A. ; Billingsley, G. ; Birch, J. ; Birney, R. ; Birnholtz, O. ; Biscans, S. ; Bisht, A. ; Bitossi, M. ; Biwer, C. ; Bizouard, M.A. ; Blackburn, J.K. ; Blair, Carl D. ; Blair, David G. ; Blair, R.M. ; Bloemen, S. ; Bock, O. / Binary Black Hole Mergers in the First Advanced LIGO Observing Run. In: Physical Review X. 2016 ; Vol. 6, No. 4.
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    title = "Binary Black Hole Mergers in the First Advanced LIGO Observing Run",
    abstract = "The first observational run of the Advanced LIGO detectors, from September 12, 2015 to January 19, 2016, saw the first detections of gravitational waves from binary black hole mergers. In this paper, we present full results from a search for binary black hole merger signals with total masses up to 100M· and detailed implications from our observations of these systems. Our search, based on general-relativistic models of gravitational-wave signals from binary black hole systems, unambiguously identified two signals, GW150914 and GW151226, with a significance of greater than 5s over the observing period. It also identified a third possible signal, LVT151012, with substantially lower significance and with an 87{\%} probability of being of astrophysical origin. We provide detailed estimates of the parameters of the observed systems. Both GW150914 and GW151226 provide an unprecedented opportunity to study the two-body motion of a compact-object binary in the large velocity, highly nonlinear regime. We do not observe any deviations from general relativity, and we place improved empirical bounds on several highorder post-Newtonian coefficients. From our observations, we infer stellar-mass binary black hole merger rates lying in the range 9-240 Gpc-3 yr-1. These observations are beginning to inform astrophysical predictions of binary black hole formation rates and indicate that future observing runs of the Advanced detector network will yield many more gravitational-wave detections.",
    author = "B.P. Abbott and R. Abbott and T.D. Abbott and M.R. Abernathy and F. Acernese and K. Ackley and C. Adams and T. Adams and P. Addesso and R.X. Adhikari and V.B. Adya and C. Affeldt and M. Agathos and K. Agatsuma and N. Aggarwal and O.D. Aguiar and L. Aiello and A. Ain and P. Ajith and B. Allen and A. Allocca and P.A. Altin and S.B. Anderson and W.G. Anderson and K. Arai and M.C. Araya and C.C. Arceneaux and J.S. Areeda and N. Arnaud and K.G. Arun and S. Ascenzi and G. Ashton and M. Ast and S.M. Aston and P. Astone and P. Aufmuth and C. Aulbert and S. Babak and P. Bacon and M.K.M. Bader and P.T. Baker and F. Baldaccini and G. Ballardin and S.W. Ballmer and J.C. Barayoga and S.E. Barclay and B.C. Barish and D. Barker and F. Barone and B. Barr and L. Barsotti and M. Barsuglia and D. Barta and J. Bartlett and I. Bartos and R. Bassiri and A. Basti and J.C. Batch and C. Baune and V. Bavigadda and M. Bazzan and M. Bejger and A.S. Bell and B.K. Berger and G. Bergmann and C.P.L. Berry and D. Bersanetti and A. Bertolini and J. Betzwieser and S. Bhagwat and R. Bhandare and I.A. Bilenko and G. Billingsley and J. Birch and R. Birney and O. Birnholtz and S. Biscans and A. Bisht and M. Bitossi and C. Biwer and M.A. Bizouard and J.K. Blackburn and Blair, {Carl D.} and Blair, {David G.} and R.M. Blair and S. Bloemen and O. Bock",
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    doi = "10.1103/PhysRevX.6.041015",
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    Abbott, BP, Abbott, R, Abbott, TD, Abernathy, MR, Acernese, F, Ackley, K, Adams, C, Adams, T, Addesso, P, Adhikari, RX, Adya, VB, Affeldt, C, Agathos, M, Agatsuma, K, Aggarwal, N, Aguiar, OD, Aiello, L, Ain, A, Ajith, P, Allen, B, Allocca, A, Altin, PA, Anderson, SB, Anderson, WG, Arai, K, Araya, MC, Arceneaux, CC, Areeda, JS, Arnaud, N, Arun, KG, Ascenzi, S, Ashton, G, Ast, M, Aston, SM, Astone, P, Aufmuth, P, Aulbert, C, Babak, S, Bacon, P, Bader, MKM, Baker, PT, Baldaccini, F, Ballardin, G, Ballmer, SW, Barayoga, JC, Barclay, SE, Barish, BC, Barker, D, Barone, F, Barr, B, Barsotti, L, Barsuglia, M, Barta, D, Bartlett, J, Bartos, I, Bassiri, R, Basti, A, Batch, JC, Baune, C, Bavigadda, V, Bazzan, M, Bejger, M, Bell, AS, Berger, BK, Bergmann, G, Berry, CPL, Bersanetti, D, Bertolini, A, Betzwieser, J, Bhagwat, S, Bhandare, R, Bilenko, IA, Billingsley, G, Birch, J, Birney, R, Birnholtz, O, Biscans, S, Bisht, A, Bitossi, M, Biwer, C, Bizouard, MA, Blackburn, JK, Blair, CD, Blair, DG, Blair, RM, Bloemen, S & Bock, O 2016, 'Binary Black Hole Mergers in the First Advanced LIGO Observing Run' Physical Review X, vol. 6, no. 4. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevX.6.041015

    Binary Black Hole Mergers in the First Advanced LIGO Observing Run. / Abbott, B.P.; Abbott, R.; Abbott, T.D.; Abernathy, M.R.; Acernese, F.; Ackley, K.; Adams, C.; Adams, T.; Addesso, P.; Adhikari, R.X.; Adya, V.B.; Affeldt, C.; Agathos, M.; Agatsuma, K.; Aggarwal, N.; Aguiar, O.D.; Aiello, L.; Ain, A.; Ajith, P.; Allen, B.; Allocca, A.; Altin, P.A.; Anderson, S.B.; Anderson, W.G.; Arai, K.; Araya, M.C.; Arceneaux, C.C.; Areeda, J.S.; Arnaud, N.; Arun, K.G.; Ascenzi, S.; Ashton, G.; Ast, M.; Aston, S.M.; Astone, P.; Aufmuth, P.; Aulbert, C.; Babak, S.; Bacon, P.; Bader, M.K.M.; Baker, P.T.; Baldaccini, F.; Ballardin, G.; Ballmer, S.W.; Barayoga, J.C.; Barclay, S.E.; Barish, B.C.; Barker, D.; Barone, F.; Barr, B.; Barsotti, L.; Barsuglia, M.; Barta, D.; Bartlett, J.; Bartos, I.; Bassiri, R.; Basti, A.; Batch, J.C.; Baune, C.; Bavigadda, V.; Bazzan, M.; Bejger, M.; Bell, A.S.; Berger, B.K.; Bergmann, G.; Berry, C.P.L.; Bersanetti, D.; Bertolini, A.; Betzwieser, J.; Bhagwat, S.; Bhandare, R.; Bilenko, I.A.; Billingsley, G.; Birch, J.; Birney, R.; Birnholtz, O.; Biscans, S.; Bisht, A.; Bitossi, M.; Biwer, C.; Bizouard, M.A.; Blackburn, J.K.; Blair, Carl D.; Blair, David G.; Blair, R.M.; Bloemen, S.; Bock, O.

    In: Physical Review X, Vol. 6, No. 4, 2016.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Binary Black Hole Mergers in the First Advanced LIGO Observing Run

    AU - Abbott, B.P.

    AU - Abbott, R.

    AU - Abbott, T.D.

    AU - Abernathy, M.R.

    AU - Acernese, F.

    AU - Ackley, K.

    AU - Adams, C.

    AU - Adams, T.

    AU - Addesso, P.

    AU - Adhikari, R.X.

    AU - Adya, V.B.

    AU - Affeldt, C.

    AU - Agathos, M.

    AU - Agatsuma, K.

    AU - Aggarwal, N.

    AU - Aguiar, O.D.

    AU - Aiello, L.

    AU - Ain, A.

    AU - Ajith, P.

    AU - Allen, B.

    AU - Allocca, A.

    AU - Altin, P.A.

    AU - Anderson, S.B.

    AU - Anderson, W.G.

    AU - Arai, K.

    AU - Araya, M.C.

    AU - Arceneaux, C.C.

    AU - Areeda, J.S.

    AU - Arnaud, N.

    AU - Arun, K.G.

    AU - Ascenzi, S.

    AU - Ashton, G.

    AU - Ast, M.

    AU - Aston, S.M.

    AU - Astone, P.

    AU - Aufmuth, P.

    AU - Aulbert, C.

    AU - Babak, S.

    AU - Bacon, P.

    AU - Bader, M.K.M.

    AU - Baker, P.T.

    AU - Baldaccini, F.

    AU - Ballardin, G.

    AU - Ballmer, S.W.

    AU - Barayoga, J.C.

    AU - Barclay, S.E.

    AU - Barish, B.C.

    AU - Barker, D.

    AU - Barone, F.

    AU - Barr, B.

    AU - Barsotti, L.

    AU - Barsuglia, M.

    AU - Barta, D.

    AU - Bartlett, J.

    AU - Bartos, I.

    AU - Bassiri, R.

    AU - Basti, A.

    AU - Batch, J.C.

    AU - Baune, C.

    AU - Bavigadda, V.

    AU - Bazzan, M.

    AU - Bejger, M.

    AU - Bell, A.S.

    AU - Berger, B.K.

    AU - Bergmann, G.

    AU - Berry, C.P.L.

    AU - Bersanetti, D.

    AU - Bertolini, A.

    AU - Betzwieser, J.

    AU - Bhagwat, S.

    AU - Bhandare, R.

    AU - Bilenko, I.A.

    AU - Billingsley, G.

    AU - Birch, J.

    AU - Birney, R.

    AU - Birnholtz, O.

    AU - Biscans, S.

    AU - Bisht, A.

    AU - Bitossi, M.

    AU - Biwer, C.

    AU - Bizouard, M.A.

    AU - Blackburn, J.K.

    AU - Blair, Carl D.

    AU - Blair, David G.

    AU - Blair, R.M.

    AU - Bloemen, S.

    AU - Bock, O.

    PY - 2016

    Y1 - 2016

    N2 - The first observational run of the Advanced LIGO detectors, from September 12, 2015 to January 19, 2016, saw the first detections of gravitational waves from binary black hole mergers. In this paper, we present full results from a search for binary black hole merger signals with total masses up to 100M· and detailed implications from our observations of these systems. Our search, based on general-relativistic models of gravitational-wave signals from binary black hole systems, unambiguously identified two signals, GW150914 and GW151226, with a significance of greater than 5s over the observing period. It also identified a third possible signal, LVT151012, with substantially lower significance and with an 87% probability of being of astrophysical origin. We provide detailed estimates of the parameters of the observed systems. Both GW150914 and GW151226 provide an unprecedented opportunity to study the two-body motion of a compact-object binary in the large velocity, highly nonlinear regime. We do not observe any deviations from general relativity, and we place improved empirical bounds on several highorder post-Newtonian coefficients. From our observations, we infer stellar-mass binary black hole merger rates lying in the range 9-240 Gpc-3 yr-1. These observations are beginning to inform astrophysical predictions of binary black hole formation rates and indicate that future observing runs of the Advanced detector network will yield many more gravitational-wave detections.

    AB - The first observational run of the Advanced LIGO detectors, from September 12, 2015 to January 19, 2016, saw the first detections of gravitational waves from binary black hole mergers. In this paper, we present full results from a search for binary black hole merger signals with total masses up to 100M· and detailed implications from our observations of these systems. Our search, based on general-relativistic models of gravitational-wave signals from binary black hole systems, unambiguously identified two signals, GW150914 and GW151226, with a significance of greater than 5s over the observing period. It also identified a third possible signal, LVT151012, with substantially lower significance and with an 87% probability of being of astrophysical origin. We provide detailed estimates of the parameters of the observed systems. Both GW150914 and GW151226 provide an unprecedented opportunity to study the two-body motion of a compact-object binary in the large velocity, highly nonlinear regime. We do not observe any deviations from general relativity, and we place improved empirical bounds on several highorder post-Newtonian coefficients. From our observations, we infer stellar-mass binary black hole merger rates lying in the range 9-240 Gpc-3 yr-1. These observations are beginning to inform astrophysical predictions of binary black hole formation rates and indicate that future observing runs of the Advanced detector network will yield many more gravitational-wave detections.

    U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevX.6.041015

    DO - 10.1103/PhysRevX.6.041015

    M3 - Article

    VL - 6

    JO - Physical Review X

    JF - Physical Review X

    SN - 2160-3308

    IS - 4

    ER -

    Abbott BP, Abbott R, Abbott TD, Abernathy MR, Acernese F, Ackley K et al. Binary Black Hole Mergers in the First Advanced LIGO Observing Run. Physical Review X. 2016;6(4). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevX.6.041015