Bi-allelic MYH3 loss-of-function variants cause a lethal form of contractures, pterygia, and spondylocarpotarsal fusion syndrome 1B

Benjamin Kamien, Joshua S. Clayton, Han Shin Lee, Disna Abeysuriya, Elyshia McNamara, Jelena Martinovic, Marie Gonzales, Judith Melki, Gianina Ravenscroft

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Arthrogryposis is a consequence of reduced fetal movements and arises due to environmental factors or underlying genetic defects, with extensive genetic heterogeneity. In many instances, the genes responsible are involved in neuromuscular function. Missense variants in the gene encoding embryonic myosin heavy chain (MYH3) usually cause distal arthrogryposis. Recently, mono-allelic or bi-allelic MYH3 variants have been associated with contractures, pterygia, and spondylocarpotarsal fusion syndrome 1 (CPSFS1A and CPSFS1B). Here we describe three fetuses presenting in the second trimester with a lethal form of arthrogryposis and pterygia and harbouring bi-allelic variants in MYH3. One proband was compound heterozygous for a missense change and an extended splice site variant, a second proband had a homozygous frameshift variant, and a third proband was homozygous for a nonsense variant. Minigene assays performed on the first fetus showed that the missense and extended splice site variants resulted in aberrant splicing, likely resulting in near complete loss of full-length MYH3 transcript. This study shows that loss of MYH3 is associated with a lethal arthrogryposis phenotype and highlights the utility of minigene assays to assess splicing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-449
Number of pages5
JournalNeuromuscular Disorders
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

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