Beyond Trauma: A Multiple Pathways Approach to Auditory Hallucinations in Clinical and Nonclinical Populations

Tanya Marie Luhrmann, Ben Alderson-Day, Vaughan Bell, Josef J. Bless, Philip Corlett, Kenneth Hugdahl, Nev Jones, Frank Laroi, Peter Moseley, Ramachandran Padmavati, Emmanuelle Peters, Albert R. Powers, Flavie Waters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

That trauma can play a significant role in the onset and maintenance of voice-hearing is one of the most striking and important developments in the recent study of psychosis. Yet the finding that trauma increases the risk for hallucination and for psychosis is quite different from the claim that trauma is necessary for either to occur. Trauma is often but not always associated with voice-hearing in populations with psychosis; voice-hearing is sometimes associated with willful training and cultivation in nonclinical populations. This article uses ethnographic data among other data to explore the possibility of multiple pathways to voice-hearing for clinical and nonclinical individuals whose voices are not due to known etiological factors such as drugs, sensory deprivation, epilepsy, and so forth. We suggest that trauma sometimes plays a major role in hallucinations, sometimes a minor role, and sometimes no role at all. Our work also finds seemingly distinct phenomenological patterns for voice-hearing, which may reflect the different salience of trauma for those who hear voices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S24-S31
Number of pages8
JournalSchizophrenia Bulletin
Volume45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

Cite this

Luhrmann, Tanya Marie ; Alderson-Day, Ben ; Bell, Vaughan ; Bless, Josef J. ; Corlett, Philip ; Hugdahl, Kenneth ; Jones, Nev ; Laroi, Frank ; Moseley, Peter ; Padmavati, Ramachandran ; Peters, Emmanuelle ; Powers, Albert R. ; Waters, Flavie. / Beyond Trauma : A Multiple Pathways Approach to Auditory Hallucinations in Clinical and Nonclinical Populations. In: Schizophrenia Bulletin. 2019 ; Vol. 45. pp. S24-S31.
@article{60b1b6d2ce654443968b2b5ec9a58360,
title = "Beyond Trauma: A Multiple Pathways Approach to Auditory Hallucinations in Clinical and Nonclinical Populations",
abstract = "That trauma can play a significant role in the onset and maintenance of voice-hearing is one of the most striking and important developments in the recent study of psychosis. Yet the finding that trauma increases the risk for hallucination and for psychosis is quite different from the claim that trauma is necessary for either to occur. Trauma is often but not always associated with voice-hearing in populations with psychosis; voice-hearing is sometimes associated with willful training and cultivation in nonclinical populations. This article uses ethnographic data among other data to explore the possibility of multiple pathways to voice-hearing for clinical and nonclinical individuals whose voices are not due to known etiological factors such as drugs, sensory deprivation, epilepsy, and so forth. We suggest that trauma sometimes plays a major role in hallucinations, sometimes a minor role, and sometimes no role at all. Our work also finds seemingly distinct phenomenological patterns for voice-hearing, which may reflect the different salience of trauma for those who hear voices.",
keywords = "hallucination, trauma, psychosis, healthy voice-hearers, spiritual practices, POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER, ADVERSE CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES, VERBAL HALLUCINATIONS, VOICE-HEARING, PSYCHOSIS, SCHIZOPHRENIA, DISSOCIATION, PEOPLE, MODEL, ABUSE",
author = "Luhrmann, {Tanya Marie} and Ben Alderson-Day and Vaughan Bell and Bless, {Josef J.} and Philip Corlett and Kenneth Hugdahl and Nev Jones and Frank Laroi and Peter Moseley and Ramachandran Padmavati and Emmanuelle Peters and Powers, {Albert R.} and Flavie Waters",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1093/schbul/sby110",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "S24--S31",
journal = "Schizophrenia Bulletin",
issn = "0586-7614",
publisher = "OXFORD UNIV PRESS UNITED KINGDOM",

}

Luhrmann, TM, Alderson-Day, B, Bell, V, Bless, JJ, Corlett, P, Hugdahl, K, Jones, N, Laroi, F, Moseley, P, Padmavati, R, Peters, E, Powers, AR & Waters, F 2019, 'Beyond Trauma: A Multiple Pathways Approach to Auditory Hallucinations in Clinical and Nonclinical Populations' Schizophrenia Bulletin, vol. 45, pp. S24-S31. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sby110

Beyond Trauma : A Multiple Pathways Approach to Auditory Hallucinations in Clinical and Nonclinical Populations. / Luhrmann, Tanya Marie; Alderson-Day, Ben; Bell, Vaughan; Bless, Josef J.; Corlett, Philip; Hugdahl, Kenneth; Jones, Nev; Laroi, Frank; Moseley, Peter; Padmavati, Ramachandran; Peters, Emmanuelle; Powers, Albert R.; Waters, Flavie.

In: Schizophrenia Bulletin, Vol. 45, 01.2019, p. S24-S31.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Beyond Trauma

T2 - A Multiple Pathways Approach to Auditory Hallucinations in Clinical and Nonclinical Populations

AU - Luhrmann, Tanya Marie

AU - Alderson-Day, Ben

AU - Bell, Vaughan

AU - Bless, Josef J.

AU - Corlett, Philip

AU - Hugdahl, Kenneth

AU - Jones, Nev

AU - Laroi, Frank

AU - Moseley, Peter

AU - Padmavati, Ramachandran

AU - Peters, Emmanuelle

AU - Powers, Albert R.

AU - Waters, Flavie

PY - 2019/1

Y1 - 2019/1

N2 - That trauma can play a significant role in the onset and maintenance of voice-hearing is one of the most striking and important developments in the recent study of psychosis. Yet the finding that trauma increases the risk for hallucination and for psychosis is quite different from the claim that trauma is necessary for either to occur. Trauma is often but not always associated with voice-hearing in populations with psychosis; voice-hearing is sometimes associated with willful training and cultivation in nonclinical populations. This article uses ethnographic data among other data to explore the possibility of multiple pathways to voice-hearing for clinical and nonclinical individuals whose voices are not due to known etiological factors such as drugs, sensory deprivation, epilepsy, and so forth. We suggest that trauma sometimes plays a major role in hallucinations, sometimes a minor role, and sometimes no role at all. Our work also finds seemingly distinct phenomenological patterns for voice-hearing, which may reflect the different salience of trauma for those who hear voices.

AB - That trauma can play a significant role in the onset and maintenance of voice-hearing is one of the most striking and important developments in the recent study of psychosis. Yet the finding that trauma increases the risk for hallucination and for psychosis is quite different from the claim that trauma is necessary for either to occur. Trauma is often but not always associated with voice-hearing in populations with psychosis; voice-hearing is sometimes associated with willful training and cultivation in nonclinical populations. This article uses ethnographic data among other data to explore the possibility of multiple pathways to voice-hearing for clinical and nonclinical individuals whose voices are not due to known etiological factors such as drugs, sensory deprivation, epilepsy, and so forth. We suggest that trauma sometimes plays a major role in hallucinations, sometimes a minor role, and sometimes no role at all. Our work also finds seemingly distinct phenomenological patterns for voice-hearing, which may reflect the different salience of trauma for those who hear voices.

KW - hallucination

KW - trauma

KW - psychosis

KW - healthy voice-hearers

KW - spiritual practices

KW - POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER

KW - ADVERSE CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES

KW - VERBAL HALLUCINATIONS

KW - VOICE-HEARING

KW - PSYCHOSIS

KW - SCHIZOPHRENIA

KW - DISSOCIATION

KW - PEOPLE

KW - MODEL

KW - ABUSE

U2 - 10.1093/schbul/sby110

DO - 10.1093/schbul/sby110

M3 - Article

VL - 45

SP - S24-S31

JO - Schizophrenia Bulletin

JF - Schizophrenia Bulletin

SN - 0586-7614

ER -