Benzotriazole and 5-methylbenzotriazole in recycled water, surface water and dishwashing detergents from Perth, Western Australia: Analytical method development and application

M.D. Alotaibi, Bradley Patterson, Allan Mckinley, Anthony Reeder, A.J. Furness

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2015. A simplified and sensitive liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method without requiring sample pre-concentration was successfully developed for detecting the occurrence of ultra-low (ng L-1) concentrations of benzotriazole (BTri), and its derivative 5-methyl benzotriazole (5-MeBT) in various Western Australian environmental water samples. The method detection limit was 2 ng L-1, providing similar detection limits to other more process intensive methods where pre-concentration using solid phase extraction (SPE) was employed. The method was used to assess the occurrence of BTri and 5-MeBT in wastewater and surface water samples. Over a period of 12 months, BTri and 5-MeBT concentrations in secondary treated wastewater were measured, with the highest BTri and 5-MeBT concentrations observed during winter months at 78 ng L-1 and 21 ng L-1, respectively. The method was also used to assess the removal efficiency of BTri and 5-MeBT through an advanced water recycling plant (AWRP). While BTri was more persistent than 5-MeBT, both compounds were removed from the AWRP to
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)448-457
JournalEnvironmental Sciences: Processes and Impacts
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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