© 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Background: Simulation-based training (SBT) is being more frequently recommended for neonatal resuscitation education (NRE). It is important to assess if SBT improves clinical outcomes as neonatal resuscitation aims to improve survival without long-term neurodevelopmental impairment. We aimed to assess the evidence supporting benefits of SBT in NRE. Method: A systematic review was conducted using the Cochrane methodology. PubMed, Embase, PsycInfo and Cochrane databases were searched. Related abstracts were scanned and full texts of the potentially relevant articles were studied. Randomised controlled trials (RCT) and quasi-experimental studies with controls (non-RCT) assessing SBT for NRE were eligible for inclusion in the review. Results: Four small studies [three RCT (. n=. 126) and one non-RCT (. n=. 60)] evaluated SBT for NRE. Participants included medical students (one RCT and one non-RCT), residents (one RCT) and nursing staff (one RCT). Outcomes included performance in a simulation scenario, theoretical knowledge, and confidence in leading a resuscitation scenario. One RCT favoured simulation [improved resuscitation score (. p=. 0.016), 2.31 more number of critical actions (. p=. 0.017) and decreased time to achieve resuscitation steps (. p=.
|Publication status||Published - 2014|