Benefits of polyandry: Molecular evidence from field-caught dung beetles

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Abstract

When females mate with multiple males, they set the stage for postcopulatory sexual selection via sperm competition and/or cryptic female choice. Surprisingly little is known about the rates of multiple mating by females in the wild, despite the importance of this information in understanding the potential for postcopulatory sexual selection to drive the evolution of reproductive behaviour, morphology and physiology. Dung beetles in the genus Onthophagus have become a laboratory model for studying pre- and postcopulatory sexual selection, yet we still lack information about the reproductive behaviour of female dung beetles in natural populations. Here, we develop microsatellite markers for Onthophagus taurus and use them to genotype the offspring of wild-caught females and to estimate natural rates of multiple mating and patterns of sperm utilization. We found that O. taurus females are highly polyandrous: 88% of females produced clutches sired by at least two males, and 5% produced clutches with as many as five sires. Several females (23%) produced clutches with significant paternity skew, indicating the potential for strong postcopulatory sexual selection in natural populations. There were also strong positive correlations between the number of offspring produced and both number of fathers and paternity skew, which suggests that females benefit from mating polyandrously by inciting postcopulatory mechanisms that bias paternity towards males that can sire more viable offspring. This study evaluates the fitness consequences of polyandry for an insect in the wild and provides strong evidence that female dung beetles benefit from multiple mating under natural conditions.

LanguageEnglish
Pages3546-3555
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Ecology
Volume26
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2017

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polyandry
dung beetles
Beetles
beetle
sexual selection
multiple mating
paternity
Onthophagus taurus
Reproductive Behavior
reproductive behavior
sires
Spermatozoa
Onthophagus
sperm competition
Genetic Selection
fathers
Fathers
sperm
Microsatellite Repeats
Population

Cite this

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title = "Benefits of polyandry: Molecular evidence from field-caught dung beetles",
abstract = "When females mate with multiple males, they set the stage for postcopulatory sexual selection via sperm competition and/or cryptic female choice. Surprisingly little is known about the rates of multiple mating by females in the wild, despite the importance of this information in understanding the potential for postcopulatory sexual selection to drive the evolution of reproductive behaviour, morphology and physiology. Dung beetles in the genus Onthophagus have become a laboratory model for studying pre- and postcopulatory sexual selection, yet we still lack information about the reproductive behaviour of female dung beetles in natural populations. Here, we develop microsatellite markers for Onthophagus taurus and use them to genotype the offspring of wild-caught females and to estimate natural rates of multiple mating and patterns of sperm utilization. We found that O. taurus females are highly polyandrous: 88{\%} of females produced clutches sired by at least two males, and 5{\%} produced clutches with as many as five sires. Several females (23{\%}) produced clutches with significant paternity skew, indicating the potential for strong postcopulatory sexual selection in natural populations. There were also strong positive correlations between the number of offspring produced and both number of fathers and paternity skew, which suggests that females benefit from mating polyandrously by inciting postcopulatory mechanisms that bias paternity towards males that can sire more viable offspring. This study evaluates the fitness consequences of polyandry for an insect in the wild and provides strong evidence that female dung beetles benefit from multiple mating under natural conditions.",
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Benefits of polyandry : Molecular evidence from field-caught dung beetles. / McCullough, Erin L.; Buzatto, Bruno A.; Simmons, Leigh W.

In: Molecular Ecology, Vol. 26, No. 13, 01.07.2017, p. 3546-3555.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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