Beneficial response to mycophenolate mofetil by patients with autoimmune hepatitis who have failed standard therapy, is predicted by older age and lower immunoglobulin G and INR levels

Gastroenterological Soc Australia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BackgroundMycophenolate mofetil is a commonly used salvage therapy for patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH).

AimTo evaluate the predictors of response to mycophenolate rescue therapy to facilitate clinical decision making.

MethodsWe performed a retrospective observational cohort study of AIH patients managed in 17 major Australian liver centres who received mycophenolate after an inadequate response or intolerance to corticosteroids with/without thiopurine(s). Baseline demographic, clinical and laboratory variables were compared between responders and nonresponders. A multivariable logistic regression model was developed using forward selection to identify independent predictors of treatment response.

ResultsA total of 105 patients received mycophenolate rescue therapy of whom 63 (60%) achieved biochemical remission. On univariable analysis, older age (P=0.003), INR

ConclusionMycophenolate remains an excellent treatment option for patients with AIH refractory to or intolerant of standard therapy with those most likely to benefit being older and/or having lower pre-treatment IgG levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1314-1322
Number of pages9
JournalAlimentary pharmacology & therapeutics
Volume49
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

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