© 2015 American Chemical Society. The relative energies of the YMPJ conformer database of the 20 proteinogenic amino acids, with N- and C-termination, have been re-evaluated using explicitly correlated coupled cluster methods. Lower-cost ab initio methods such as MP2-F12 and CCSD-F12b actually are outperformed by double-hybrid DFT functionals; in particular, the DSD-PBEP86-NL double hybrid performs well enough to serve as a secondary standard. Among range-separated hybrids, ωB97X-V performs well, while B3LYP-D3BJ does surprisingly well among traditional DFT functionals. Treatment of dispersion is important for the DFT functionals; for the YMPJ set, D3BJ generally works as well as the NL nonlocal dispersion functional. Basis set sensitivity for DFT calculations on these conformers is weak enough that def2-TZVP is generally adequate. For conformer corrections to heats of formation, B3LYP-D3BJ and especially DSD-PBEP86-D3BJ or DSD-PBEP86-NL are adequate for all but the most exacting applications. The revised geometries and energetics for the YMPJ database have been made available as Supporting Information and should be useful in the parametrization and validation of molecular mechanics force fields and other low-cost methods. The very recent dRPA75 method yields good performance, without resorting to an empirical dispersion correction, but is still outperformed by DSD-PBEP86-D3BJ and particularly DSD-PBEP86-NL. Core-valence corrections are comparable in importance to improvements beyond CCSD(T∗)/cc-pVDZ-F12 in the valence treatment.
Kesharwani, M. K., Karton, A., & Martin, J. M. L. (2016). Benchmark ab Initio Conformational Energies for the Proteinogenic Amino Acids through Explicitly Correlated Methods. Assessment of Density Functional Methods. Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation, 12(1), 444-454. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jctc.5b01066