Beijerinckia fluminensis BFC-33, a novel multi-stress-tolerant soil bacterium: Deciphering the stress amelioration, phytopathogenic inhibition and growth promotion in Triticum aestivum (L.)

Hind A. AL-Shwaiman, Mohammad Shahid, Abdallah M. Elgorban, Kadambot H.M. Siddique, Asad Syed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Environmental challenges like drought, salinity, heavy metals and pesticides directly/indirectly influence the environment and decreased the agricultural output. During its long developmental stages, cereal crops including wheat is exposed to a variety of abiotic/biotic stressors. Certain beneficial soil bacteria that can ameliorate environmental stresses can be exploited as crop growth promoters/enhancers under adverse situations. In this study, Beijerinckia fluminensis BFC-33 (accession no. MT672580) isolated from potato rhizosphere tolerated variousabiotic (drought, salinity, temperature, heavy metals, and fungicides) stresses. Strain BFC-33 demonstrated multifarious plant-growth-promoting (PGP) characteristics, such as the production of indole-3-acetic acid, P-solubilization, ACC deaminase, ammonia, siderophore, HCN, EPS, and extracellular enzymes. The antagonistic potential of BFC-33 against major fungal pathogens was ranked: Alternaria alternata (79.2%)>Rhizoctonia solani (69%)>Fusarium oxysporum (23.5%)>Ustilaginoidea virens (17%). Furthermore, bacterization of wheat seeds witha multi-stress-tolerant strain revealed B. fluminensis as a plant growth enhancer and biocontrol agent. For instance, increase in root length (cm) in BFC-33 inoculated wheat exposed to abiotic and biotic stresses at the seedling stage was ranked: B. fluminensis (24.2)>B. fluminensis + 100μgTBZLmL−1 (21.3) = B. fluminensis + 2%PEG (21.3)>B. fluminensis + 100 mM NaCl (19.7)>B. fluminensis + 100μgPbmL−1 (19) = B. fluminensis 100μgMNZBmL−1 (19)>B. fluminensis + A. alternata (17.4)>B. fluminensis + 100μgCdmL−1 (17)>B. fluminensis + F. oxysporum (13.4). In addition, increase in carotenoid accumulation (mg g−1FW) in the foliage of BFC-33 inoculated wheat exposed to fungal infection was ranked: BFC-33 (3.88)>BFC-33+ A. alternata (3.0)>BFC-33+ R. solani (2.78)>BFC-33+ F. oxysporum (2.44). Moreover, BFC-33 inoculation significantly (p ≤ 0.05) reduced stress-induced stressor molecules (proline and TBARS) and electrolyte leakage. Furthermore, B. fluminensis BFC-33 potentially enhanced the defense responses in wheat seedlings by increasing phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL), β-1,3 glucanase, and polyphenol oxidase (PPO), which play a significant role in protecting plants from phytopathogens. Even so, by successfully establishing a product with the requisite effects under field settings, selecting multi-stress-tolerant and antagonistic plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPRs) would be helpful to end-users. Future use of native multi-stress-tolerant bacteria as biocontrol agents in conjunction with existing drought, salinity, heavy metal, and pesticide tolerance might contribute to global food security.

Original languageEnglish
Article number133843
JournalChemosphere
Volume295
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Beijerinckia fluminensis BFC-33, a novel multi-stress-tolerant soil bacterium: Deciphering the stress amelioration, phytopathogenic inhibition and growth promotion in Triticum aestivum (L.)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this