Behaviour and design of cold-formed CHS under static pure bending through finite element analysis

Chenpu Guo, M. Elchalakani, A. Karrech, M. R. Bambach, Bo Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The current slenderness limits are significantly different in international design codes for cold-formed Circular Hollow Sections (CHS) under pure bending. This paper aims to use the Finite Element (FE) method to understand the behaviour of cold-formed CHS under pure bending and to propose new design rules. The model is calibrated by comparing its predicted load-deflection curves with previously published experimental data. In total, 21 specimens were modelled with diameter-to-thickness ratios ranging from 13 to 122. The current slenderness limits in the present international steel specifications were examined using the FE model and their suitability for cold-formed CHS is discussed. The effect of section slenderness on rotation capacity has been examined where the predicted variation of rotation capacity against section slenderness has been compared to the experimental results. A new equation for the amount of initial geometrical imperfection as a function of section slenderness has been developed and proposed for design purposes. The ovalisation deformation ratio and the critical strain at local buckling were determined and compared for compact, non-compact and slender sections. The progressive bending deformations of CHS at 10 critical steps have been presented and compared for the three cross sectional types, in particular at the maximum moment and bending rotation. In general, a good agreement has been obtained between the predicted strengths and ductilities using the current FE models and those of the experimental data of cold-formed CHS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106547
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020


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