Circular skirted offshore foundations on nonhomogeneous soil have been studied numerically, analytically, and physically, with the offshore sediment simulated as a cohesive soil with strength increasing linearly with depth. In the numerical analysis, the h-adaptive FEM is adopted to provide an optimal mesh, in which a strain-superconvergent patch recovery error estimator and mesh refinement with subdivision concept are used. This paper presents two main studies of circular skirted foundations on nonhomogeneous soil, consisting of a bearing-capacity study and a large penetration study. The bearing capacity of the foundations is studied with the degree of nonhomogeneity (kD/s(uo)) of soil up to 30, different skirt roughness and skirt depth up to five times the foundation diameter (i.e., D-f/D = 5), using an h-adaptive FEM and extended upper-bound method. The bearing-capacity values and soil flow mechanisms are discussed. In the foundation large penetration study, circular skirted foundations penetrating into normally consolidated and overconsolidated soils are tested physically in the centrifuge and analyzed numerically using the h-adaptive remeshing and interpolation technique with small strain method for soil large deformation analysis. The load-displacement responses from centrifuge test data and finite-element results are compared.
|Journal||Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|