BASS. XXX. Distribution Functions of DR2 Eddington Ratios, Black Hole Masses, and X-Ray Luminosities

Tonima Tasnim Ananna, Anna K. Weigel, Benny Trakhtenbrot, Michael J. Koss, C. Megan Urry, Claudio Ricci, Ryan C. Hickox, Ezequiel Treister, Franz E. Bauer, Yoshihiro Ueda, Richard Mushotzky, Federica Ricci, Kyuseok Oh, Julian E. Mejía-Restrepo, Jakob Den Brok, Daniel Stern, Meredith C. Powell, Turgay Caglar, Kohei Ichikawa, O. Ivy WongFiona A. Harrison, Kevin Schawinski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We determine the low-redshift X-ray luminosity function, active black hole mass function (BHMF), and Eddington ratio distribution function (ERDF) for both unobscured (Type 1) and obscured (Type 2) active galactic nuclei (AGNs), using the unprecedented spectroscopic completeness of the BAT AGN Spectroscopic Survey (BASS) data release 2. In addition to a straightforward 1/V max approach, we also compute the intrinsic distributions, accounting for sample truncation by employing a forward-modeling approach to recover the observed BHMF and ERDF. As previous BHMFs and ERDFs have been robustly determined only for samples of bright, broad-line (Type 1) AGNs and/or quasars, ours are the first directly observationally constrained BHMF and ERDF of Type 2 AGNs. We find that after accounting for all observational biases, the intrinsic ERDF of Type 2 AGNs is significantly more skewed toward lower Eddington ratios than the intrinsic ERDF of Type 1 AGNs. This result supports the radiation-regulated unification scenario, in which radiation pressure dictates the geometry of the dusty obscuring structure around an AGN. Calculating the ERDFs in two separate mass bins, we verify that the derived shape is consistent, validating the assumption that the ERDF (shape) is mass-independent. We report the local AGN duty cycle as a function of mass and Eddington ratio, by comparing the BASS active BHMF with the local mass function for all supermassive black holes. We also present the logN-logS of the Swift/BAT 70 month sources.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume261
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2022

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