Basalt Milkvetch Responses to Novel Restoration Treatments in the Great Basin

Adam J. Fund, Kristin B. Hulvey, Scott L. Jensen, Douglas A. Johnson, Matthew D. Madsen, Thomas A. Monaco, Derek J. Tilley, Erica Arora, Brittany Teller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The restoration of native forbs in the Great Basin and similar dryland ecosystems remains a great challenge for land managers. Variable soil water, precocious germination and emergence, and the presence of soil fungal pathogens often reduce plant establishment. Novel restoration treatments that increase soil water during early forb life stages, delay germination and emergence to coincide with favorable spring conditions, and reduce mortality from soil fungal pathogens may benefit native forb restoration. We compared the efficacy of three novel treatments—snow fencing, plant protection fabric, and seed coatings—to improve establishment of a forb species native to the Great Basin, basalt milkvetch (Astragalus filipes Torr. ex A. Gray). We replicated treatments plus a no-treatment control at three sites in the Great Basin in a randomized complete block design over 2 yr. To evaluate the efficacy of our restoration treatments, we measured germination, seedling emergence, establishment, and second-yr survival. The effects of snow fencing and plant protection fabric varied by site and life stage and were likely influenced by the wet spring conditions across sites, particularly the two northern sites. Snow fencing increased establishment and second-yr survival at one site. Plant protection fabric did not benefit any life stage at any site. Seed coatings increased seedling emergence at all sites but did not affect establishment or survival. Overall, second-yr survival remained low across all sites and treatments. Our study indicates that our treatments can positively affect basalt milkvetch emergence, establishment, and survival, but additional management actions are needed to improve long-term restoration success of native forbs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)492-500
Number of pages9
JournalRangeland Ecology and Management
Volume72
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

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plant protection
basalt
forbs
basins
germination
seedling emergence
snow
basin
soil water
seed dressings
pathogens
plant establishment
arid lands
pathogen
soil
managers
indigenous species
seed
ecosystems
native species

Cite this

Fund, A. J., Hulvey, K. B., Jensen, S. L., Johnson, D. A., Madsen, M. D., Monaco, T. A., ... Teller, B. (2019). Basalt Milkvetch Responses to Novel Restoration Treatments in the Great Basin. Rangeland Ecology and Management, 72(3), 492-500. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rama.2018.12.002
Fund, Adam J. ; Hulvey, Kristin B. ; Jensen, Scott L. ; Johnson, Douglas A. ; Madsen, Matthew D. ; Monaco, Thomas A. ; Tilley, Derek J. ; Arora, Erica ; Teller, Brittany. / Basalt Milkvetch Responses to Novel Restoration Treatments in the Great Basin. In: Rangeland Ecology and Management. 2019 ; Vol. 72, No. 3. pp. 492-500.
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Fund, AJ, Hulvey, KB, Jensen, SL, Johnson, DA, Madsen, MD, Monaco, TA, Tilley, DJ, Arora, E & Teller, B 2019, 'Basalt Milkvetch Responses to Novel Restoration Treatments in the Great Basin' Rangeland Ecology and Management, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 492-500. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rama.2018.12.002

Basalt Milkvetch Responses to Novel Restoration Treatments in the Great Basin. / Fund, Adam J.; Hulvey, Kristin B.; Jensen, Scott L.; Johnson, Douglas A.; Madsen, Matthew D.; Monaco, Thomas A.; Tilley, Derek J.; Arora, Erica; Teller, Brittany.

In: Rangeland Ecology and Management, Vol. 72, No. 3, 01.05.2019, p. 492-500.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Monaco, Thomas A.

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KW - Astragalus filipes

KW - plant protection fabric

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Fund AJ, Hulvey KB, Jensen SL, Johnson DA, Madsen MD, Monaco TA et al. Basalt Milkvetch Responses to Novel Restoration Treatments in the Great Basin. Rangeland Ecology and Management. 2019 May 1;72(3):492-500. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rama.2018.12.002