Autonomic Function Predicts Fitness Response to Short-Term High-Intensity Interval Training

A.M. Kiviniemi, M.P. Tulppo, J.J. Eskelinen, A.M. Savolainen, J. Kapanen, Ilkka Heinonen, A.J. Hautala, J.C. Hannukainen, K.K. Kalliokoski

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    Abstract

    © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart New York. We tested the hypothesis that baseline cardiac autonomic function and its acute response to all-out interval exercise explains individual fitness responses to high-intensity interval training (HIT). Healthy middle-aged sedentary men performed HIT (n=12, 4-6×30 s of all-out cycling efforts with 4-min recovery) or aerobic training (AET, n=9, 40-60 min at 60% of peak workload in exercise test [Loadpeak]), comprising 6 sessions within 2 weeks. Low (LF) and high frequency (HF) power of R-R interval oscillation were analyzed from data recorded at supine and standing position (5+5 min) every morning during the intervention. A significant training effect (p<0.001), without a training∗group interaction, was observed in Loadpeak and peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak). Pre-training supine LF/HF ratio, an estimate of sympathovagal balance, correlated with training outcome in Loadpeak (Spearman's rho [rs]=-0.74, p=0.006) and VO2peak (rs=- 0.59, p=0.042) in the HIT but not the AET group. Also, the mean change in the standing LF/HF ratio in the morning after an acute HIT exercise during the 1st week of intervention correlated with training response in Loadpeak (rs=- 0.68, p=0.014) and VO2peak (rs=-0.60, p=0.039) with HIT but not with AET. In conclusion, pre-training cardiac sympathovagal balance and its initial alterations in response to acute HIT exercise were related to fitness responses to short-term HIT.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)915-921
    JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
    Volume36
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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