Authenticity and drug resistance in a panel of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia cell lines

Alex Beesley, M.L. Palmer, J. Ford, R.E. Weller, Aaron Cummings, J.R. Freitas, Martin Firth, K.U. Perera, Nicholas De Klerk, Ursula Kees

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cell lines are important models for drug resistance in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), but are often criticised as being unrepresentative of primary disease. There are also doubts regarding the authenticity of many lines. We have characterised a panel of ALL cell lines for growth and drug resistance and compared data with that published for primary patient specimens. In contrast to the convention that cell lines are highly proliferative, those established in our laboratory grow at rates similar to estimates of leukaemic cells in vivo (doubling time 53-442 h). Authenticity was confirmed by genetic fingerprinting, which also demonstrated the potential stability of long-term cultures. In vitro glucocorticoid resistance correlated well with that measured ex vivo, but all lines were significantly more sensitive to vincristine than primary specimens. Sensitivity to methotrexate was inversely correlated to that of glucocorticoids and L-asparaginase, indicating possible reciprocity in resistance mechanisms. A cell line identified as highly methotrexate resistant (IC50 > 8000-fold higher than other lines) was derived from a patient receiving escalating doses of the drug, indicating in vivo selection of resistance as a cause of relapse. Many of these lines are suitable as models to study naturally occurring resistance phenotypes in paediatric ALL.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1537-1544
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume95
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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