Atomic gas fractions in active galactic nucleus host galaxies

Sara L. Ellison, Toby Brown, Barbara Catinella, Luca Cortese

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Abstract

The feedback from an active galactic nucleus (AGN) is frequently invoked as a mechanism through which gas can be heated or removed from a galaxy. However, gas fraction measurements in AGN hosts have yielded mixed support for this scenario. Here, we revisit the assessment of fgas (= MHI/M) in z < 0.05 AGN hosts in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) using two complementary techniques. First, we investigate fgas for 75 AGN host galaxies in the extended GALEX Arecibo SDSS Survey (xGASS), whose atomic gas fractions are complete to a few per cent. Second, we construct H I spectral stacks of 1562 AGN from the Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA (ALFALFA) survey, which enables us to extend the AGN sample to lower stellar masses. Both techniques find that, at fixed M, AGN hosts with log (M/M) 10.2 are H I rich by a factor of ∼2. However, this gas fraction excess disappears when the control sample is additionally matched in star formation rate (SFR), indicating that these AGN hosts are actually H I normal. At lower stellar mass, the stacking analysis reveals that AGN hosts are H I poor at fixed stellar mass. In the lowest M regime probed by our sample, 9 < log (M/M) < 9.6, the H I deficit in AGN hosts is a factor of ∼4, and remains at a factor of ∼2 even when the control sample is additionally matched in SFR. Our results help reconcile previously conflicting results, by showing that matching control samples by more than just stellar mass is critical for a rigorous comparison.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5694-5703
Number of pages10
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume482
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019

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monatomic gases
active galactic nuclei
galaxies
gas
stellar mass
star formation rate
stacking
gases

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title = "Atomic gas fractions in active galactic nucleus host galaxies",
abstract = "The feedback from an active galactic nucleus (AGN) is frequently invoked as a mechanism through which gas can be heated or removed from a galaxy. However, gas fraction measurements in AGN hosts have yielded mixed support for this scenario. Here, we revisit the assessment of fgas (= MHI/M) in z < 0.05 AGN hosts in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) using two complementary techniques. First, we investigate fgas for 75 AGN host galaxies in the extended GALEX Arecibo SDSS Survey (xGASS), whose atomic gas fractions are complete to a few per cent. Second, we construct H I spectral stacks of 1562 AGN from the Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA (ALFALFA) survey, which enables us to extend the AGN sample to lower stellar masses. Both techniques find that, at fixed M, AGN hosts with log (M/M) 10.2 are H I rich by a factor of ∼2. However, this gas fraction excess disappears when the control sample is additionally matched in star formation rate (SFR), indicating that these AGN hosts are actually H I normal. At lower stellar mass, the stacking analysis reveals that AGN hosts are H I poor at fixed stellar mass. In the lowest M regime probed by our sample, 9 < log (M/M) < 9.6, the H I deficit in AGN hosts is a factor of ∼4, and remains at a factor of ∼2 even when the control sample is additionally matched in SFR. Our results help reconcile previously conflicting results, by showing that matching control samples by more than just stellar mass is critical for a rigorous comparison.",
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Atomic gas fractions in active galactic nucleus host galaxies. / Ellison, Sara L.; Brown, Toby; Catinella, Barbara; Cortese, Luca.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 482, No. 4, 01.02.2019, p. 5694-5703.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Atomic gas fractions in active galactic nucleus host galaxies

AU - Ellison, Sara L.

AU - Brown, Toby

AU - Catinella, Barbara

AU - Cortese, Luca

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N2 - The feedback from an active galactic nucleus (AGN) is frequently invoked as a mechanism through which gas can be heated or removed from a galaxy. However, gas fraction measurements in AGN hosts have yielded mixed support for this scenario. Here, we revisit the assessment of fgas (= MHI/M) in z < 0.05 AGN hosts in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) using two complementary techniques. First, we investigate fgas for 75 AGN host galaxies in the extended GALEX Arecibo SDSS Survey (xGASS), whose atomic gas fractions are complete to a few per cent. Second, we construct H I spectral stacks of 1562 AGN from the Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA (ALFALFA) survey, which enables us to extend the AGN sample to lower stellar masses. Both techniques find that, at fixed M, AGN hosts with log (M/M) 10.2 are H I rich by a factor of ∼2. However, this gas fraction excess disappears when the control sample is additionally matched in star formation rate (SFR), indicating that these AGN hosts are actually H I normal. At lower stellar mass, the stacking analysis reveals that AGN hosts are H I poor at fixed stellar mass. In the lowest M regime probed by our sample, 9 < log (M/M) < 9.6, the H I deficit in AGN hosts is a factor of ∼4, and remains at a factor of ∼2 even when the control sample is additionally matched in SFR. Our results help reconcile previously conflicting results, by showing that matching control samples by more than just stellar mass is critical for a rigorous comparison.

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KW - Galaxies: ISM

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