Ataxia-telangiectasia-like disorder in a family deficient for MRE11A, caused by a MRE11 variant

Maryam Sedghi, Mehri Salari, Ali Reza Moslemi, Ariana Kariminejad, Mark Davis, Hayley Goullée, Björn Olsson, Nigel Laing, Homa Tajsharghi

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Objective We report 3 siblings with the characteristic features of ataxia-telangiectasia-like disorder associated with a homozygous MRE11 synonymous variant causing nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) and MRE11A deficiency. Methods Clinical assessments, next-generation sequencing, transcript and immunohistochemistry analyses were performed. Results The patients presented with poor balance, developmental delay during the first year of age, and suffered from intellectual disability from early childhood. They showed oculomotor apraxia, slurred and explosive speech, limb and gait ataxia, exaggerated deep tendon reflex, dystonic posture, and mirror movement in their hands. They developed mild cognitive abilities. Brain MRI in the index case revealed cerebellar atrophy. Next-generation sequencing revealed a homozygous synonymous variant in MRE11 (c.657C>T, p.Asn219=) that we show affects splicing. A complete absence of MRE11 transcripts in the index case suggested NMD and immunohistochemistry confirmed the absence of a stable protein. Conclusions Despite the critical role of MRE11A in double-strand break repair and its contribution to the Mre11/Rad50/Nbs1 complex, the absence of MRE11A is compatible with life.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere295
JournalNeurology: Genetics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018


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