Asteroids and Associated Mineral Systems

Andrew Y. Glikson, Franco Pirajno

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapter

Abstract

In this chapter we discuss hydrothermal and metasomatic processes that have taken place in impact structures, subsequent to the collapse of the transient cavity and the cooling of the melt sheet and melt rocks. Most of what follows is drawn from Pirajno et al. (Aust J Earth Sci 50:775-796, 2003), Pirajno (Aust J Earth Sci 52:587-620, 2005) and Pirajno and Van Kranendonk (Aust J Earth Sci 52:329-352, 2005), particularly for the Australian examples. The flow of hot aqueous solutions commonly results in the formation of mineral deposits. Therefore, knowledge of post-impact hydrothermal activity is important because it may have resulted in economic mineral deposits. The world-class and widely known Sudbury mineral deposits (Ni, Cu, PGE, Pb, Zn, Au) are perhaps the best and most celebrated expression of mineralization directly related to a meteorite impact (Lightfoot, Nickel sulfide ores and impact melts -origin of the Sudbury Igneous Complex. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 662pp, 2016). Several lines of evidence suggest that the giant gold deposits of the Witwatersrand in South Africa may have been reworked or even enhanced by the effects of the large Vredefort impact structure. These cases will be examined briefly in the sections that follow. Hydrothermal circulation systems associated with impact events have been reported from the Ries (Germany), Puchezh-Katunki (Russia), Jamtland (Sweden), Roter Kamm (Namibia), Manson (USA), the above-mentioned Vredefort, Kardla (Estonia), Sudbury and Haughton (Canada) structures (Newsom et al., J Geophys Res 91:E239-E251, 1986; Koeberl et al., Geoch Cosmo Acta 53:2113-2118, 1989; Naumov, Meteoritics 28:408-409, 1993; Sturkel et al., Eur J Miner 10:589-609, 1998; Ames et al., Geology 26: 447-450, 1998; McCarville and Crossey, Geol Soc Am Sp Pap 302:347-379, 1996); Grieve and Thierriault, Annu Rev Earth Planet Sci 28:305-338, 2000; Osinski et al., Meteor Planet Sci 36:731-745, 2001; Molnar et al., Econ Geol 96:1645-1670, 2001; Puura et al., Impact-induced replacement of plagioclase by K-feldspar in granitoids and amphibolites at the Kardla crater, Estonia. In: Gilmour I, Koeberl C (eds) Impacts and the early earth. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp 417-445, 2000 and Geochemistry of K-enriched impactites, based on drillings into the Kardla Crater, Estonia. Geol Soc Am Abs with Programs, Denver, Oct. 2002, p 341, 2002). Recently, aspects of hydrothermal alteration in the yChicxulub impact structure have been published in Meteoritic and Space Science (Luders and Rickers, Meteor Planet Sci 39:1187-1198, 2004; Zurcher and Kring, Meteor Planet Sci 39:1199-1222, 2004; Goto et al., Meteor Planet Sci 39:1233-1247, 2004).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationASTEROIDS IMPACTS, CRUSTAL EVOLUTION AND RELATED MINERAL SYSTEMS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO AUSTRALIA
EditorsFranco Pirajno
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
PublisherSpringer
Chapter7
Pages173-205
Number of pages33
ISBN (Print)9783319745442
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

Publication series

NameModern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences
PublisherSPRINGER
Volume14
ISSN (Print)1876-1682

Cite this

Glikson, A. Y., & Pirajno, F. (2018). Asteroids and Associated Mineral Systems. In F. Pirajno (Ed.), ASTEROIDS IMPACTS, CRUSTAL EVOLUTION AND RELATED MINERAL SYSTEMS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO AUSTRALIA (pp. 173-205). (Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences; Vol. 14). Switzerland: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-74545-9_7
Glikson, Andrew Y. ; Pirajno, Franco. / Asteroids and Associated Mineral Systems. ASTEROIDS IMPACTS, CRUSTAL EVOLUTION AND RELATED MINERAL SYSTEMS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO AUSTRALIA. editor / Franco Pirajno. Switzerland : Springer, 2018. pp. 173-205 (Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences).
@inbook{9aef8d850bfb4660aec2fca8c8a0746a,
title = "Asteroids and Associated Mineral Systems",
abstract = "In this chapter we discuss hydrothermal and metasomatic processes that have taken place in impact structures, subsequent to the collapse of the transient cavity and the cooling of the melt sheet and melt rocks. Most of what follows is drawn from Pirajno et al. (Aust J Earth Sci 50:775-796, 2003), Pirajno (Aust J Earth Sci 52:587-620, 2005) and Pirajno and Van Kranendonk (Aust J Earth Sci 52:329-352, 2005), particularly for the Australian examples. The flow of hot aqueous solutions commonly results in the formation of mineral deposits. Therefore, knowledge of post-impact hydrothermal activity is important because it may have resulted in economic mineral deposits. The world-class and widely known Sudbury mineral deposits (Ni, Cu, PGE, Pb, Zn, Au) are perhaps the best and most celebrated expression of mineralization directly related to a meteorite impact (Lightfoot, Nickel sulfide ores and impact melts -origin of the Sudbury Igneous Complex. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 662pp, 2016). Several lines of evidence suggest that the giant gold deposits of the Witwatersrand in South Africa may have been reworked or even enhanced by the effects of the large Vredefort impact structure. These cases will be examined briefly in the sections that follow. Hydrothermal circulation systems associated with impact events have been reported from the Ries (Germany), Puchezh-Katunki (Russia), Jamtland (Sweden), Roter Kamm (Namibia), Manson (USA), the above-mentioned Vredefort, Kardla (Estonia), Sudbury and Haughton (Canada) structures (Newsom et al., J Geophys Res 91:E239-E251, 1986; Koeberl et al., Geoch Cosmo Acta 53:2113-2118, 1989; Naumov, Meteoritics 28:408-409, 1993; Sturkel et al., Eur J Miner 10:589-609, 1998; Ames et al., Geology 26: 447-450, 1998; McCarville and Crossey, Geol Soc Am Sp Pap 302:347-379, 1996); Grieve and Thierriault, Annu Rev Earth Planet Sci 28:305-338, 2000; Osinski et al., Meteor Planet Sci 36:731-745, 2001; Molnar et al., Econ Geol 96:1645-1670, 2001; Puura et al., Impact-induced replacement of plagioclase by K-feldspar in granitoids and amphibolites at the Kardla crater, Estonia. In: Gilmour I, Koeberl C (eds) Impacts and the early earth. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp 417-445, 2000 and Geochemistry of K-enriched impactites, based on drillings into the Kardla Crater, Estonia. Geol Soc Am Abs with Programs, Denver, Oct. 2002, p 341, 2002). Recently, aspects of hydrothermal alteration in the yChicxulub impact structure have been published in Meteoritic and Space Science (Luders and Rickers, Meteor Planet Sci 39:1187-1198, 2004; Zurcher and Kring, Meteor Planet Sci 39:1199-1222, 2004; Goto et al., Meteor Planet Sci 39:1233-1247, 2004).",
keywords = "WOODLEIGH IMPACT STRUCTURE, SOUTHERN CARNARVON BASIN, FLUID-INCLUSION EVIDENCE, LATE DEVONIAN AGE, WESTERN-AUSTRALIA, HYDROTHERMAL ALTERATION, EASTERN GOLDFIELDS, YILGARN CRATON, MELT ROCK, CHICXULUB",
author = "Glikson, {Andrew Y.} and Franco Pirajno",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-319-74545-9_7",
language = "English",
isbn = "9783319745442",
series = "Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences",
publisher = "Springer",
pages = "173--205",
editor = "Franco Pirajno",
booktitle = "ASTEROIDS IMPACTS, CRUSTAL EVOLUTION AND RELATED MINERAL SYSTEMS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO AUSTRALIA",

}

Glikson, AY & Pirajno, F 2018, Asteroids and Associated Mineral Systems. in F Pirajno (ed.), ASTEROIDS IMPACTS, CRUSTAL EVOLUTION AND RELATED MINERAL SYSTEMS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO AUSTRALIA. Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences, vol. 14, Springer, Switzerland, pp. 173-205. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-74545-9_7

Asteroids and Associated Mineral Systems. / Glikson, Andrew Y.; Pirajno, Franco.

ASTEROIDS IMPACTS, CRUSTAL EVOLUTION AND RELATED MINERAL SYSTEMS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO AUSTRALIA. ed. / Franco Pirajno. Switzerland : Springer, 2018. p. 173-205 (Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences; Vol. 14).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Asteroids and Associated Mineral Systems

AU - Glikson, Andrew Y.

AU - Pirajno, Franco

PY - 2018/3

Y1 - 2018/3

N2 - In this chapter we discuss hydrothermal and metasomatic processes that have taken place in impact structures, subsequent to the collapse of the transient cavity and the cooling of the melt sheet and melt rocks. Most of what follows is drawn from Pirajno et al. (Aust J Earth Sci 50:775-796, 2003), Pirajno (Aust J Earth Sci 52:587-620, 2005) and Pirajno and Van Kranendonk (Aust J Earth Sci 52:329-352, 2005), particularly for the Australian examples. The flow of hot aqueous solutions commonly results in the formation of mineral deposits. Therefore, knowledge of post-impact hydrothermal activity is important because it may have resulted in economic mineral deposits. The world-class and widely known Sudbury mineral deposits (Ni, Cu, PGE, Pb, Zn, Au) are perhaps the best and most celebrated expression of mineralization directly related to a meteorite impact (Lightfoot, Nickel sulfide ores and impact melts -origin of the Sudbury Igneous Complex. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 662pp, 2016). Several lines of evidence suggest that the giant gold deposits of the Witwatersrand in South Africa may have been reworked or even enhanced by the effects of the large Vredefort impact structure. These cases will be examined briefly in the sections that follow. Hydrothermal circulation systems associated with impact events have been reported from the Ries (Germany), Puchezh-Katunki (Russia), Jamtland (Sweden), Roter Kamm (Namibia), Manson (USA), the above-mentioned Vredefort, Kardla (Estonia), Sudbury and Haughton (Canada) structures (Newsom et al., J Geophys Res 91:E239-E251, 1986; Koeberl et al., Geoch Cosmo Acta 53:2113-2118, 1989; Naumov, Meteoritics 28:408-409, 1993; Sturkel et al., Eur J Miner 10:589-609, 1998; Ames et al., Geology 26: 447-450, 1998; McCarville and Crossey, Geol Soc Am Sp Pap 302:347-379, 1996); Grieve and Thierriault, Annu Rev Earth Planet Sci 28:305-338, 2000; Osinski et al., Meteor Planet Sci 36:731-745, 2001; Molnar et al., Econ Geol 96:1645-1670, 2001; Puura et al., Impact-induced replacement of plagioclase by K-feldspar in granitoids and amphibolites at the Kardla crater, Estonia. In: Gilmour I, Koeberl C (eds) Impacts and the early earth. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp 417-445, 2000 and Geochemistry of K-enriched impactites, based on drillings into the Kardla Crater, Estonia. Geol Soc Am Abs with Programs, Denver, Oct. 2002, p 341, 2002). Recently, aspects of hydrothermal alteration in the yChicxulub impact structure have been published in Meteoritic and Space Science (Luders and Rickers, Meteor Planet Sci 39:1187-1198, 2004; Zurcher and Kring, Meteor Planet Sci 39:1199-1222, 2004; Goto et al., Meteor Planet Sci 39:1233-1247, 2004).

AB - In this chapter we discuss hydrothermal and metasomatic processes that have taken place in impact structures, subsequent to the collapse of the transient cavity and the cooling of the melt sheet and melt rocks. Most of what follows is drawn from Pirajno et al. (Aust J Earth Sci 50:775-796, 2003), Pirajno (Aust J Earth Sci 52:587-620, 2005) and Pirajno and Van Kranendonk (Aust J Earth Sci 52:329-352, 2005), particularly for the Australian examples. The flow of hot aqueous solutions commonly results in the formation of mineral deposits. Therefore, knowledge of post-impact hydrothermal activity is important because it may have resulted in economic mineral deposits. The world-class and widely known Sudbury mineral deposits (Ni, Cu, PGE, Pb, Zn, Au) are perhaps the best and most celebrated expression of mineralization directly related to a meteorite impact (Lightfoot, Nickel sulfide ores and impact melts -origin of the Sudbury Igneous Complex. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 662pp, 2016). Several lines of evidence suggest that the giant gold deposits of the Witwatersrand in South Africa may have been reworked or even enhanced by the effects of the large Vredefort impact structure. These cases will be examined briefly in the sections that follow. Hydrothermal circulation systems associated with impact events have been reported from the Ries (Germany), Puchezh-Katunki (Russia), Jamtland (Sweden), Roter Kamm (Namibia), Manson (USA), the above-mentioned Vredefort, Kardla (Estonia), Sudbury and Haughton (Canada) structures (Newsom et al., J Geophys Res 91:E239-E251, 1986; Koeberl et al., Geoch Cosmo Acta 53:2113-2118, 1989; Naumov, Meteoritics 28:408-409, 1993; Sturkel et al., Eur J Miner 10:589-609, 1998; Ames et al., Geology 26: 447-450, 1998; McCarville and Crossey, Geol Soc Am Sp Pap 302:347-379, 1996); Grieve and Thierriault, Annu Rev Earth Planet Sci 28:305-338, 2000; Osinski et al., Meteor Planet Sci 36:731-745, 2001; Molnar et al., Econ Geol 96:1645-1670, 2001; Puura et al., Impact-induced replacement of plagioclase by K-feldspar in granitoids and amphibolites at the Kardla crater, Estonia. In: Gilmour I, Koeberl C (eds) Impacts and the early earth. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp 417-445, 2000 and Geochemistry of K-enriched impactites, based on drillings into the Kardla Crater, Estonia. Geol Soc Am Abs with Programs, Denver, Oct. 2002, p 341, 2002). Recently, aspects of hydrothermal alteration in the yChicxulub impact structure have been published in Meteoritic and Space Science (Luders and Rickers, Meteor Planet Sci 39:1187-1198, 2004; Zurcher and Kring, Meteor Planet Sci 39:1199-1222, 2004; Goto et al., Meteor Planet Sci 39:1233-1247, 2004).

KW - WOODLEIGH IMPACT STRUCTURE

KW - SOUTHERN CARNARVON BASIN

KW - FLUID-INCLUSION EVIDENCE

KW - LATE DEVONIAN AGE

KW - WESTERN-AUSTRALIA

KW - HYDROTHERMAL ALTERATION

KW - EASTERN GOLDFIELDS

KW - YILGARN CRATON

KW - MELT ROCK

KW - CHICXULUB

UR - https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/bfm%3A978-3-319-74545-9%2F1.pdf

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-74545-9_7

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-74545-9_7

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9783319745442

T3 - Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences

SP - 173

EP - 205

BT - ASTEROIDS IMPACTS, CRUSTAL EVOLUTION AND RELATED MINERAL SYSTEMS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO AUSTRALIA

A2 - Pirajno, Franco

PB - Springer

CY - Switzerland

ER -

Glikson AY, Pirajno F. Asteroids and Associated Mineral Systems. In Pirajno F, editor, ASTEROIDS IMPACTS, CRUSTAL EVOLUTION AND RELATED MINERAL SYSTEMS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO AUSTRALIA. Switzerland: Springer. 2018. p. 173-205. (Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-74545-9_7