Associations of physical activity and quality of life in parapneumonic effusion patients

Pedro Lopez, Deirdre B Fitzgerald, Joanne A McVeigh, Arash Badiei, Sanjeevan Muruganandan, Robert U Newton, Leon Straker, Yun Chor Gary Lee, Carolyn J Peddle-McIntyre

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INTRODUCTION: Little is known about activity behaviours and quality of life (QoL) of patients with parapneumonic pleural effusions (PPE) after hospital discharge. This study is a secondary analysis of a randomised trial (dexamethasone versus placebo) for hospitalised patients with PPE. We: 1) described the patients' activity behaviour patterns and QoL measured at discharge and at 30 days post-discharge; and 2) examined the association between activity behaviours and QoL scores.

METHODS: Activity behaviour (7-day accelerometry; Actigraph GT3X+) and QoL (Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form 36) were assessed. Repeated measures analysis of covariance controlling for baseline values and a series of linear regression models were undertaken.

RESULTS: 36 out of 53 eligible participants completed accelerometry assessments. Despite modest increases in light physical activity (+7.5%) and some domains of QoL (>2 points) from discharge to 30 days post-discharge, patients had persistently high levels of sedentary behaviour (>65% of waking wear time) and poor QoL (≤50 out of 100 points) irrespective of treatment group (p=0.135-0.903). Increasing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity was associated with higher scores on most QoL domains (p=0.006-0.037). Linear regression indicates that a clinically important difference of 5 points in physical composite QoL score can be achieved by reallocating 16.1 min·day-1 of sedentary time to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity.

CONCLUSION: Patients with PPE had low levels of physical activity and QoL at discharge and 30 days post-discharge irrespective of treatment. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity participation was associated with higher QoL scores. Increasing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity following discharge from the hospital may be associated with improvements in QoL.

Original languageEnglish
Article number00209-2023
Number of pages11
JournalERJ Open Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

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