Associations between diabetes and sex with peritoneal dialysis technique and patient survival: Results from the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry cohort study

Jenny H.C. Chen, David W. Johnson, Germaine Wong, Neil Boudville, Monique Borlace, Rachael Walker, Carmel Hawley, Stephen McDonald, Wai H. Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: A differential association between mortality and cause of end-stage kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been shown. Sex-specific differences in diabetes-related complications have been described. It is unclear whether sex affects the associations between diabetes and peritoneal dialysis (PD) technique and patient survival. Methods: Using the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry, we examined a two-way interaction between sex and diabetes status (no diabetes, T2DM and non-diabetic nephropathy [T2DM + non-DN] and T2DM and diabetic nephropathy [T2DM + DN]) for PD technique failure (including death), all-cause mortality and cause-specific mortality in incident adult PD patients between 1996 and 2016 using adjusted Cox regression. Mediation analysis was conducted to determine whether peritonitis was a mediator in these associations. Results: In 8279 PD patients, those with T2DM + DN had the greatest risks in technique failure, all-cause mortality and cause-specific mortality followed by patients with T2DM + non-DN, then patients without diabetes. Sex modified the association with diabetes status in technique failure (pinteraction = 0.001) and cardiac mortality (pinteraction = 0.008). In women with T2DM + DN, the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for technique failure was 1.45 (1.30–1.62) and was higher than men with T2DM + DN (1.17 [1.08–1.28]; referent: no diabetes). In women with T2DM + DN, the adjusted HR for cardiac mortality was 2.12 (1.73–2.61) and was also higher than men with T2DM + DN (1.66 [1.43–1.95]). Less than 10 % of the effect between diabetes and PD technique failure or mortality was mediated by peritonitis. Conclusions: PD patients with diabetic nephropathy had increased risk of PD technique failure and mortality, with the magnitude of these risks greater in women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-68
JournalPeritoneal Dialysis International
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Associations between diabetes and sex with peritoneal dialysis technique and patient survival: Results from the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry cohort study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this