Association of gastric residual volumes with necrotising enterocolitis in extremely preterm infants—a case–control study

Purohit Gajanan, Mehkarkar Puja, Athalye Jape Gayatri, Nathan Elizabeth, Patole Sanjay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a potentially serious illness with significant mortality and morbidity in preterm infants. Previous studies have reported association of volume and colour (bile and blood stained) of gastric residuals (GR) with NEC. We aimed to study this association in our cohort of extremely preterm (EP) infants. In a case–control study using retrospective data (January 2006–December 2011), EP (gestation < 28 weeks) infants with confirmed NEC ≥ stage II (cases) were compared with infants without NEC (controls) matched for birth weight (BW) and gestational age (GA). Forty cases of NEC ≥ stage II diagnosed at a median (IQR) age of 16.5 days (10.3–23) were compared with 40 controls matched for gestation (± 3 days) and birth weight (± 680 g). Median maximum GR volume (GRV) from birth to the day of occurrence of NEC was significantly higher in cases vs. controls (5.9 vs.3.7 ml; p < 0.001). Increased maximum GRV was associated with NEC ≥ Stage II in adjusted analysis (aOR 1.36, 95%CI 1.06–1.75, p = 0.017). There was no significant difference in GRV between cases and controls throughout the clinical course, including 72, 48 and 24 h before the onset of NEC. However, green (65.0% vs. 27.5%, p = 0.001) and haemorrhagic GRs (45.0% vs. 27.5%, p = 0.092) were higher 24 h before the diagnosis of NEC. Conclusion: GRV was not associated with NEC ≥ stage II. However, green and haemorrhagic GRs were significantly higher 24 h before the diagnosis of the illness. Adequately powered prospective studies are needed to confirm the significance of our findings.What is Known:•It is unclear whether large volume, dark-coloured and blood-stained GRs are associated with NEC.•The value of routine monitoring of gastric residuals in preterm infants is currently being questioned.What is New:•Volume of gastric residuals was not associated with significant NEC.•Green and haemorrhagic GRs were significantly higher 24 hours before diagnosis of NEC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-260
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
Volume181
Issue number1
Early online date2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

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