Association of Circulating Platelet Extracellular Vesicles and Pulse Wave Velocity with Cardiovascular Risk Estimation

Leslie Marisol Lugo-Gavidia, Janis M Nolde, Revathy Carnagarin, Dylan Burger, Justine Chan, Sandi Robinson, Erika Bosio, Vance B Matthews, Markus P Schlaich

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Elevated circulating platelet-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) have been reported in conditions associated with thrombotic risk. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between circulating platelet-derived EV levels, cardiovascular risk stratification and vascular organ damage, as assessed by pulse wave velocity (PWV). A total of 92 patients were included in the present analysis. Platelet EV were evaluated by flow cytometry (CD41+/Annexin v+). The cardiovascular risk was determined using the 2021 ESC guideline stratification and SCORE2 and SCORE-OP. PWV was performed as a surrogate to assess macrovascular damage. Risk stratification revealed significant group differences in EV levels (ANOVA, p = 0.04). Post hoc analysis demonstrated significantly higher levels of EVs in the very high-risk group compared with the young participants (12.53 ± 8.69 vs. 7.51 ± 4.67 EV/µL, p = 0.03). Linear regression models showed SCORE2 and SCORE-OP ( p = 0.04) was a predictor of EV levels. EVs showed a significant association with macrovascular organ damage measured by PWV ( p = 0.01). PWV progressively increased with more severe cardiovascular risk ( p < 0.001) and was also associated with SCORE2 and SCORE-OP ( p < 0.001). Within the pooled group of subjects with low to moderate risk and young participants (<40 years), those with EV levels in the highest tertile had a trend towards higher nocturnal blood pressure levels, fasting glucose concentration, lipid levels, homocysteine and PWV. Levels of platelet-derived EVs were highest in those patients with very high CV risk. Within a pooled group of patients with low to moderate risk, an unfavourable cardiometabolic profile was present with higher EV levels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10524
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 10 Sept 2022


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