Association Between Isokinetic Knee Strength and Perceived Function and Patient Satisfaction With Sports and Recreational Ability After Matrix-Induced Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation

Jay R. Ebert, Anne Smith, Gregory C. Janes, David J. Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Returning to a sound level of activity after matrix-induced autologous chondrocyte implantation (MACI) is important to patients. Evaluating the patient’s level of satisfaction with his or her sports and recreational ability is critical. Purpose: To investigate (1) satisfaction with sports and recreational ability after MACI and (2) the role that knee strength plays in self-reported knee function and satisfaction. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: Isokinetic knee strength was assessed in 97 patients at 1, 2, and 5 years after MACI to calculate hamstrings-quadriceps ratios and peak knee extensor and flexor torque limb symmetry indices (LSIs). The Sports and Recreation subscale of the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS Sports/Rec) was completed. A satisfaction scale was used to evaluate how satisfied the patients were with their ability to return to recreational activities and their ability to participate in sport. Associations between knee strength LSI, KOOS Sports/Rec, and satisfaction with recreational and sporting activities were assessed through use of multivariable linear and logistic regression, with adjustment for confounders. Mediation analysis was conducted to assess the extent to which self-reported knee function mediated associations between strength LSI and satisfaction. Results: Satisfaction with the ability to return to recreational activities was achieved in 82.4%, 85.6%, and 85.9% of patients at 1, 2, and 5 years, respectively, and satisfaction with sports participation was achieved in 55.7%, 73.2%, and 68.5% of patients at 1, 2, and 5 years, respectively. Knee extension torque LSIs were associated with KOOS Sports/Rec after adjustment for confounders over 1, 2, and 5 years (5-year regression coefficient, 6.0 points; 95% CI, 1.4-10.7; P =.012). KOOS Sports/Rec was associated with the likelihood of being satisfied at all time points (recreation: 5-year adjusted odds ratio [OR], 2.26; 95% CI, 1.48-3.46; P <.001; and sports: 5-year adjusted OR, 1.98; 95% CI, 1.47-2.68; P <.001). In a multivariable mediation model, the knee extension torque LSI was associated with satisfaction directly (standardized coefficient, 0.16; 95% CI, 0.03-0.28; P =.017) and indirectly via KOOS Sports/Rec (standardized coefficient, 0.19; 95% CI, 0.01-0.38; P =.027), the latter representing 55% of the total association of knee extension torque LSI with satisfaction. Conclusion: Knee extensor symmetry was associated with satisfaction in recreational and sporting ability, both directly and indirectly, via self-reported sports and recreation–related knee function. Restoring strength deficits after MACI is important for achieving optimal outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOrthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume7
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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