Association between functional iron deficiency and reactive thrombocytosis in hospitalised patients: a case-control study

Henrique Nicola, Kwok-ming Ho, Frank Cordingley

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The association of deficiency in total body iron with an increased risk of reactive thrombocytosis is well known, but whether 'functional iron deficiency' is also associated with reactive thrombocytosis is unknown. This retrospective case-control study assessed the relationships between functional iron deficiency, reactive thrombocytosis and risk of thromboembolism. A total of 150 patients with reactive thrombocytosis (platelet count >400 x 10<sup>9</sup>/l) and 343 controls (platelet count <400 x 10<sup>9</sup>/l) were selected from the hospital laboratory database system. Patients with haematological disease or recent chemotherapy were excluded. Reactive thrombocytosis, infection, and an elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration were all significantly more common in patients with functional iron deficiency than in those without functional iron deficiency (all <i>P</i> <0.01). After adjusting for infection and CRP concentration, functional iron deficiency was the only marker of iron status significantly associated with reactive thrombocytosis (odds ratio 1.66, 95% confidence interval 1.10-2.75; <i>P</i>=0.048). Thromboembolic events occurred in 32 patients (6.6%). This was not significantly associated with functional iron deficiency. Our results suggest that in patients without haematological malignancy or recent chemotherapy there might be a link between functional iron deficiency and reactive thrombocytosis. Whether treating patients with functional iron deficiency with intravenous iron corrects reactive thrombocytosis without inducing infection remains uncertain, but merits further investigation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)692-695
Number of pages4
JournalAnaesthesia and Intensive Care
Volume44
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes

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