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Background/aims: To explore the relationship between focal lamina defect (LD) size and optic disc haemorrhages (DH) in glaucomatous eyes. Methods: Radial B-scan images at 15° intervals obtained using enhanced depth imaging (EDI) spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) were performed on a group of subjects previously assessed for DH every 3 months over a period of 5 years. EDI-OCT scans were assessed for the presence of focal lamina cribrosa defects by a single observer. Results: 119 eyes from 62 subjects (44 females, 18 males) were analysed. 44 eyes (37%) were noted to have at least 1 LD, and of those, eight eyes had more than one defect. 68 eyes (57%) were observed to have at least one DH occur over the course of monitoring. 48 eyes (40%) had recurrent DH, with a mean of 5.17 haemorrhages over the 5-year period. Type 1 focal LD (p=0.0000, OR 7.17), glaucoma progression (p=0.0024, OR 0.32) and ArtDiff (p=0.0466, OR 1.04) were significantly associated as predictors of DH. No correlation between the size of the LD and DH occurrence (p=0.6449, Spearman rank correlation) was found. Conclusion: Focal lamina cribrosa hole-type defects were significantly associated with an increase in DH occurrence over the preceding 5 years. The lack of association between defect size and DH suggests that DH and lamina defects may have separate links to the glaucomatous process.
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