Assessment of Soil Suitability for Improvement of Soil Factors and Agricultural Management

Sameh Kotb Abd-Elmabod, Noura Bakr, Miriam Munoz-Rojas, Paulo Pereira, Zhenhua Zhang, Artemi Cerda, Antonio Jordan, Hani Mansour, Diego De la Rosa, Laurence Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dramatic growth of the world's population is increasing the pressure on natural resources, particularly on soil systems. At the same time, inappropriate agricultural practices are causing widespread soil degradation. Improved management of soil resources and identification of the potential agricultural capability of soils is therefore needed to prevent further land degradation, particularly in dryland areas such as Egypt. Here, we present a case study in the El-Fayoum depression (Northern Egypt) to model and map soil suitability for 12 typical Mediterranean crops. Two management scenarios were analyzed: the current situation (CS) and an optimal scenario (OS) of soil variables. The Almagra model was applied to estimate soil suitability under CS and OS. Management options based on the CS assessment were proposed to reduce some limiting factors: a fixed value of 2 dSm(-1) for soil salinity and 5% for sodium saturation; these defined the OS. Under optimal management, the OS scenario showed potential, where a notable increase of the area covered by a high suitability class (around 80%) for annual and semi-annual crops was observed. There was also a marked increase (about 70% for CS and 50% for OS) for perennial crops shifting from the marginal to moderate soil suitability class. The results reveal the importance of proper management to massively alter soil suitability into better states in order to achieve sustainable land use in this fertile agro-ecosystem.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1588
Number of pages21
JournalSustainability
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 2019

Cite this

Abd-Elmabod, S. K., Bakr, N., Munoz-Rojas, M., Pereira, P., Zhang, Z., Cerda, A., ... Jones, L. (2019). Assessment of Soil Suitability for Improvement of Soil Factors and Agricultural Management. Sustainability, 11(6), [1588]. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061588
Abd-Elmabod, Sameh Kotb ; Bakr, Noura ; Munoz-Rojas, Miriam ; Pereira, Paulo ; Zhang, Zhenhua ; Cerda, Artemi ; Jordan, Antonio ; Mansour, Hani ; De la Rosa, Diego ; Jones, Laurence. / Assessment of Soil Suitability for Improvement of Soil Factors and Agricultural Management. In: Sustainability. 2019 ; Vol. 11, No. 6.
@article{e70378eb34e0420c8a1616a702717f7f,
title = "Assessment of Soil Suitability for Improvement of Soil Factors and Agricultural Management",
abstract = "The dramatic growth of the world's population is increasing the pressure on natural resources, particularly on soil systems. At the same time, inappropriate agricultural practices are causing widespread soil degradation. Improved management of soil resources and identification of the potential agricultural capability of soils is therefore needed to prevent further land degradation, particularly in dryland areas such as Egypt. Here, we present a case study in the El-Fayoum depression (Northern Egypt) to model and map soil suitability for 12 typical Mediterranean crops. Two management scenarios were analyzed: the current situation (CS) and an optimal scenario (OS) of soil variables. The Almagra model was applied to estimate soil suitability under CS and OS. Management options based on the CS assessment were proposed to reduce some limiting factors: a fixed value of 2 dSm(-1) for soil salinity and 5{\%} for sodium saturation; these defined the OS. Under optimal management, the OS scenario showed potential, where a notable increase of the area covered by a high suitability class (around 80{\%}) for annual and semi-annual crops was observed. There was also a marked increase (about 70{\%} for CS and 50{\%} for OS) for perennial crops shifting from the marginal to moderate soil suitability class. The results reveal the importance of proper management to massively alter soil suitability into better states in order to achieve sustainable land use in this fertile agro-ecosystem.",
keywords = "sustainable agriculture, MicroLEIS DSS, land-use planning, soil reclamation, ORGANIC-CARBON STOCKS, DEGRADATION RISK-ASSESSMENT, DECISION-SUPPORT-SYSTEM, CLIMATE-CHANGE IMPACT, EL-FAYOUM DEPRESSION, LAND SUITABILITY, PHYSICAL-PROPERTIES, SODIC SOIL, GIS, IRRIGATION",
author = "Abd-Elmabod, {Sameh Kotb} and Noura Bakr and Miriam Munoz-Rojas and Paulo Pereira and Zhenhua Zhang and Artemi Cerda and Antonio Jordan and Hani Mansour and {De la Rosa}, Diego and Laurence Jones",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "2",
doi = "10.3390/su11061588",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Sustainability (Switzerland)",
issn = "2071-1050",
publisher = "MDPI AG",
number = "6",

}

Abd-Elmabod, SK, Bakr, N, Munoz-Rojas, M, Pereira, P, Zhang, Z, Cerda, A, Jordan, A, Mansour, H, De la Rosa, D & Jones, L 2019, 'Assessment of Soil Suitability for Improvement of Soil Factors and Agricultural Management' Sustainability, vol. 11, no. 6, 1588. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061588

Assessment of Soil Suitability for Improvement of Soil Factors and Agricultural Management. / Abd-Elmabod, Sameh Kotb; Bakr, Noura; Munoz-Rojas, Miriam; Pereira, Paulo; Zhang, Zhenhua; Cerda, Artemi; Jordan, Antonio; Mansour, Hani; De la Rosa, Diego; Jones, Laurence.

In: Sustainability, Vol. 11, No. 6, 1588, 02.03.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessment of Soil Suitability for Improvement of Soil Factors and Agricultural Management

AU - Abd-Elmabod, Sameh Kotb

AU - Bakr, Noura

AU - Munoz-Rojas, Miriam

AU - Pereira, Paulo

AU - Zhang, Zhenhua

AU - Cerda, Artemi

AU - Jordan, Antonio

AU - Mansour, Hani

AU - De la Rosa, Diego

AU - Jones, Laurence

PY - 2019/3/2

Y1 - 2019/3/2

N2 - The dramatic growth of the world's population is increasing the pressure on natural resources, particularly on soil systems. At the same time, inappropriate agricultural practices are causing widespread soil degradation. Improved management of soil resources and identification of the potential agricultural capability of soils is therefore needed to prevent further land degradation, particularly in dryland areas such as Egypt. Here, we present a case study in the El-Fayoum depression (Northern Egypt) to model and map soil suitability for 12 typical Mediterranean crops. Two management scenarios were analyzed: the current situation (CS) and an optimal scenario (OS) of soil variables. The Almagra model was applied to estimate soil suitability under CS and OS. Management options based on the CS assessment were proposed to reduce some limiting factors: a fixed value of 2 dSm(-1) for soil salinity and 5% for sodium saturation; these defined the OS. Under optimal management, the OS scenario showed potential, where a notable increase of the area covered by a high suitability class (around 80%) for annual and semi-annual crops was observed. There was also a marked increase (about 70% for CS and 50% for OS) for perennial crops shifting from the marginal to moderate soil suitability class. The results reveal the importance of proper management to massively alter soil suitability into better states in order to achieve sustainable land use in this fertile agro-ecosystem.

AB - The dramatic growth of the world's population is increasing the pressure on natural resources, particularly on soil systems. At the same time, inappropriate agricultural practices are causing widespread soil degradation. Improved management of soil resources and identification of the potential agricultural capability of soils is therefore needed to prevent further land degradation, particularly in dryland areas such as Egypt. Here, we present a case study in the El-Fayoum depression (Northern Egypt) to model and map soil suitability for 12 typical Mediterranean crops. Two management scenarios were analyzed: the current situation (CS) and an optimal scenario (OS) of soil variables. The Almagra model was applied to estimate soil suitability under CS and OS. Management options based on the CS assessment were proposed to reduce some limiting factors: a fixed value of 2 dSm(-1) for soil salinity and 5% for sodium saturation; these defined the OS. Under optimal management, the OS scenario showed potential, where a notable increase of the area covered by a high suitability class (around 80%) for annual and semi-annual crops was observed. There was also a marked increase (about 70% for CS and 50% for OS) for perennial crops shifting from the marginal to moderate soil suitability class. The results reveal the importance of proper management to massively alter soil suitability into better states in order to achieve sustainable land use in this fertile agro-ecosystem.

KW - sustainable agriculture

KW - MicroLEIS DSS

KW - land-use planning

KW - soil reclamation

KW - ORGANIC-CARBON STOCKS

KW - DEGRADATION RISK-ASSESSMENT

KW - DECISION-SUPPORT-SYSTEM

KW - CLIMATE-CHANGE IMPACT

KW - EL-FAYOUM DEPRESSION

KW - LAND SUITABILITY

KW - PHYSICAL-PROPERTIES

KW - SODIC SOIL

KW - GIS

KW - IRRIGATION

U2 - 10.3390/su11061588

DO - 10.3390/su11061588

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - Sustainability (Switzerland)

JF - Sustainability (Switzerland)

SN - 2071-1050

IS - 6

M1 - 1588

ER -