Assessment of genetic diversity in clover species from Sardinia, Italy, using AFLP analysis

Sarita Bennett, A. Mathews

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Two species, Trifolium glomeratum and T. nigrescens, from Sardinia, Italy, were analysed for genetic diversity using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP). Variation between and within populations was compared between the inbreeder, T. glomeratum, and the outbreeder, T. nigrescens. Four AFLP primer combinations resulted in a total of 292 loci, of which 75% were polymorphic in T. glomeratum and 85% in Trifolium nigrescens. Variation was highest between populations in both species, but the difference between populations was greater in T. glomeratum (F-st = 0.17), compared with T. nigrescens (F-st = 0.02). Cluster analysis and principal coordinates analysis were used to verify the relationships found. The high level of genetic variation within populations in both species is attributed to the movement of sheep between paddocks, the existence of both species in Sardinia for thousands of years and the persistence of a long-lived seedbank due to the production of large numbers of small seeds with high levels of hard seededness.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)362-367
    JournalPlant Breeding
    Volume122
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

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