Assessment of drugs against Cryptosporidium parvum using a simple in vitro screening method

Anthony Armson, Bruno P. Meloni, James A. Reynoldson, R. C. Andrew Thompson

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35 Citations (Scopus)


A rapid semi-quantitative screening method was devised for assessing the anticryptosporidial and cytotoxic effects of putative chemotherapeutic compounds. The method is suitable as an initial rapid screening procedure from which compounds demonstrating anticryptosporidial activity can be identified for further analysis. It has the advantages of speed, low cost and concurrent assessment of anticryptosporidial and cytotoxic effects and allows accurate determination of minimum lethal concentrations. Of the 71 compounds screened, six completely inhibited cryptosporidial growth at 1 µM (monensin, salinomycin, alborixin, lasalocid, trifluralin and nicarbazin) and a further eight showed significant anticryptosporidial activity at 1 or 20 µM (halquinol, bleomycin, suramin, mitomycin, doxycycline hydrochloride, toltrazuril, chloroquine phosphate and teniposide). Twelve compounds were found to have some degree of cytotoxicity at 1 µM and a further 12 at 20 µM.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-233
Number of pages7
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 1999
Externally publishedYes

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