Assessing body sensations in children: Intra-rater reliability of assessment and effects of age

Susan Taylor, Belinda McLean, Torbjorn Falkmer, Leeanne M. Carey, Sonya Girdler, Catherine Elliott, Eve Blair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: This article examines the effect of age and gender on somatosensory capacity for children and adolescents, and provides preliminary normative data and reliability for the SenScreen © Kids, a new standardised measure of touch, wrist position sense and haptic object recognition. Method: A cross-sectional study of 88 typically developing children aged 6–15 years (mean 10.3 years; SD 2.6 years) was used to determine the developmental effects of age and gender on somatosensory capacity. Intra-rater reliability was assessed in 22 of the 88 participants at two time points (mean 8.8 years; SD 2.6 years). Results: Statistically significant differences were observed between age groups for tactile discrimination, wrist position sense and haptic object recognition, but not for touch registration for which all except one participant achieved a maximum score. There was no effect of gender. Three of four SenScreen Kids subtests demonstrated good intra-rater agreement between time points. Conclusions: Somatosensory capacity increased with age for typically developing children aged 6–15 years. Three subtests of the SenScreen Kids demonstrated good intra-rater reliability with typically developing children. Further investigation of reliability is required, and all subtests require psychometric testing with clinical populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-185
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume82
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

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