Asperpyrone A attenuates RANKL-induced osteoclast formation through inhibiting NFATc1, Ca2+ signalling and oxidative stress

Xi Chen, Chao Wang, Heng Qiu, Yu Yuan, Kai Chen, Zhen Cao, Ren Xiang Tan, Jennifer Tickner, Jiake Xu, Jun Zou

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Abstract

Imbalance of osteoblast and osteoclast in adult leads to a variety of bone-related diseases, including osteoporosis. Thus, suppressing the activity of osteoclastic bone resorption becomes the main therapeutic strategy for osteoporosis. Asperpyrone A is a natural compound isolated from Aspergillus niger with various biological activities of antitumour, antimicrobial and antioxidant. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of Asperpyrone A on osteoclastogenesis and to explore its underlining mechanism. We found that Asperpyrone A inhibited RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis in a dose-dependent manner when the concentration reached 1 µm, and with no cytotoxicity until the concentration reached to 10 µm. In addition, Asperpyrone A down-regulated the mRNA and protein expression of NFATc1, c-fos and V-ATPase-d2, as well as the mRNA expression of TRAcP and Ctsk. Furthermore, Asperpyrone A strongly attenuated the RNAKL-induced intracellular Ca2+ oscillations and ROS (reactive oxygen species) production in the process of osteoclastogenesis and suppressed the activation of MAPK and NF-κB signalling pathways. Collectively, Asperpyrone A attenuates RANKL-induced osteoclast formation via suppressing NFATc1, Ca2+ signalling and oxidative stress, as well as MAPK and NF-κB signalling pathways, indicating that this compound may become a potential candidate drug for the prevention or treatment of osteoporosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8269-8279
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Volume23
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

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