Asian schistosomiasis: Current status and prospects for control leading to elimination

Catherine A. Gordon, Johanna Kurscheid, Gail M. Williams, Archie C.A. Clements, Yuesheng Li, Xiao Nong Zhou, Jürg Utzinger, Donald P. McManus, Darren J. Gray

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Schistosomiasis is an infectious disease caused by helminth parasites of the genus Schistosoma. Worldwide, an estimated 250 million people are infected with these parasites with the majority of cases occurring in sub-Saharan Africa. Within Asia, three species of Schistosoma cause disease. Schistosoma japonicum is the most prevalent, followed by S. mekongi and S. malayensis. All three species are zoonotic, which causes concern for their control, as successful elimination not only requires management of the human definitive host, but also the animal reservoir hosts. With regard to Asian schistosomiasis, most of the published research has focused on S. japonicum with comparatively little attention paid to S. mekongi and even less focus on S. malayensis. In this review, we examine the three Asian schistosomes and their current status in their endemic countries: Cambodia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Myanmar, and Thailand (S. mekongi); Malaysia (S. malayensis); and Indonesia, People's Republic of China, and the Philippines (S. japonicum). Prospects for control that could potentially lead to elimination are highlighted as these can inform researchers and disease control managers in other schistosomiasis-endemic areas, particularly in Africa and the Americas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number40
JournalTropical Medicine and Infectious Disease
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Feb 2019

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