Are tattoos associated with negative health-related outcomes and risky behaviors?

Karoline Mortensen, Michael T. French, Andrew Timming

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Tattoos have reached broadening mainstream acceptance. Medical professional societies have noted that tattoos may co-occur with high risk behaviors. Methods: Using a variety of statistical models applied to a sample of 2,008 adults residing in the United States via Amazon's Mechanical Turk, we estimate the associations between tattoo characteristics, three health-related outcomes (overall health status, ever diagnosed with a mental health issue, sleep problems), and three risky behaviors (current smoking, ever spent time in jail or prison, and number of sex partners). Results: We find that the presence, number, and specific features of tattoos are positively correlated with two of the health-related outcomes (ever diagnosed with a mental health issue and trouble sleeping) and all three of the risky behaviors (P <.05). Magnitudes are larger for those with multiple, visible, and offensive tattoos. Conclusions: Our results suggest that individuals with tattoos are more likely to engage in risky behaviors relative to their non-tattooed counterparts, which may lead to health consequences. Dermatologists, healthcare providers, and public health advocates should recognize that having a tattoo(s) is a potential marker for mental health issues and risky behaviors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)816-824
JournalInternational Journal of Dermatology
Volume58
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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Mental Health
Health
Prisons
Medical Societies
Statistical Models
Risk-Taking
Health Personnel
Health Status
Sleep
Public Health
Smoking
Dermatologists

Cite this

@article{c650a3e1e1964b35b713424289b4102a,
title = "Are tattoos associated with negative health-related outcomes and risky behaviors?",
abstract = "Background: Tattoos have reached broadening mainstream acceptance. Medical professional societies have noted that tattoos may co-occur with high risk behaviors. Methods: Using a variety of statistical models applied to a sample of 2,008 adults residing in the United States via Amazon's Mechanical Turk, we estimate the associations between tattoo characteristics, three health-related outcomes (overall health status, ever diagnosed with a mental health issue, sleep problems), and three risky behaviors (current smoking, ever spent time in jail or prison, and number of sex partners). Results: We find that the presence, number, and specific features of tattoos are positively correlated with two of the health-related outcomes (ever diagnosed with a mental health issue and trouble sleeping) and all three of the risky behaviors (P <.05). Magnitudes are larger for those with multiple, visible, and offensive tattoos. Conclusions: Our results suggest that individuals with tattoos are more likely to engage in risky behaviors relative to their non-tattooed counterparts, which may lead to health consequences. Dermatologists, healthcare providers, and public health advocates should recognize that having a tattoo(s) is a potential marker for mental health issues and risky behaviors.",
author = "Karoline Mortensen and French, {Michael T.} and Andrew Timming",
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Are tattoos associated with negative health-related outcomes and risky behaviors? / Mortensen, Karoline; French, Michael T.; Timming, Andrew.

In: International Journal of Dermatology, Vol. 58, No. 7, 2019, p. 816-824.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Are tattoos associated with negative health-related outcomes and risky behaviors?

AU - Mortensen, Karoline

AU - French, Michael T.

AU - Timming, Andrew

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background: Tattoos have reached broadening mainstream acceptance. Medical professional societies have noted that tattoos may co-occur with high risk behaviors. Methods: Using a variety of statistical models applied to a sample of 2,008 adults residing in the United States via Amazon's Mechanical Turk, we estimate the associations between tattoo characteristics, three health-related outcomes (overall health status, ever diagnosed with a mental health issue, sleep problems), and three risky behaviors (current smoking, ever spent time in jail or prison, and number of sex partners). Results: We find that the presence, number, and specific features of tattoos are positively correlated with two of the health-related outcomes (ever diagnosed with a mental health issue and trouble sleeping) and all three of the risky behaviors (P <.05). Magnitudes are larger for those with multiple, visible, and offensive tattoos. Conclusions: Our results suggest that individuals with tattoos are more likely to engage in risky behaviors relative to their non-tattooed counterparts, which may lead to health consequences. Dermatologists, healthcare providers, and public health advocates should recognize that having a tattoo(s) is a potential marker for mental health issues and risky behaviors.

AB - Background: Tattoos have reached broadening mainstream acceptance. Medical professional societies have noted that tattoos may co-occur with high risk behaviors. Methods: Using a variety of statistical models applied to a sample of 2,008 adults residing in the United States via Amazon's Mechanical Turk, we estimate the associations between tattoo characteristics, three health-related outcomes (overall health status, ever diagnosed with a mental health issue, sleep problems), and three risky behaviors (current smoking, ever spent time in jail or prison, and number of sex partners). Results: We find that the presence, number, and specific features of tattoos are positively correlated with two of the health-related outcomes (ever diagnosed with a mental health issue and trouble sleeping) and all three of the risky behaviors (P <.05). Magnitudes are larger for those with multiple, visible, and offensive tattoos. Conclusions: Our results suggest that individuals with tattoos are more likely to engage in risky behaviors relative to their non-tattooed counterparts, which may lead to health consequences. Dermatologists, healthcare providers, and public health advocates should recognize that having a tattoo(s) is a potential marker for mental health issues and risky behaviors.

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