Are our urban streams on fire? Using studies on fire to learn about the Urban Stream Syndrome

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paper

Abstract

The Urban Stream Syndrome is a term applied to describe the multiple impacts urbanisation has on aquatic ecosystems. Altered hydrology is considered to be the dominant stressor driving the syndrome. However, the current focus on hydrology may overshadow the importance of other stressors, such as poor water quality and a degraded riparian zone. Separating the effects of altered flow from other stressors is difficult in urban studies, because stressors typically change concomitantly. One novel way to learn is by comparing urban streams to streams affected by fire. Fire causes similar hydrologic symptoms to urbanisation, but can have reduced impacts if the riparian zone remains intact. Importantly, the effects of fire are independent of nonnutrient pollution. Thus fire can provide an insight into the role of hydrologic versus trophic and pollution disturbance in urban streams. Here we use the literature to compare and contrast the effects of urbanisation and fire on streams. We find marked similarities in symptoms between fire affected and urban streams, reinforcing the view that altered flow is the dominant stressor. However, we note some differences which suggest pollution and riparian vegetation exert some influence, even in flow-disturbed systems. We encourage researchers to explore novel ways to advance our understanding of the Urban Stream Syndrome.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication8th Australian Stream Management Conference
EditorsGeoff J. Vietz, Alissa J. Flatley, Ian D. Rutherfurd
Place of PublicationNew South Wales
PublisherRiver Basin Management Society
Pages683-690
ISBN (Print)9780734052988
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016
Event8th Australian River Management Conference - Leura, Australia
Duration: 31 Jul 20163 Aug 2016

Conference

Conference8th Australian River Management Conference
CountryAustralia
CityLeura
Period31/07/163/08/16

Fingerprint

urbanization
riparian zone
pollution
hydrology
riparian vegetation
aquatic ecosystem
water quality
disturbance
effect
urban study

Cite this

Beesley, L., Pettit, N., Gwinn, D. C., & Davies, P. M. (2016). Are our urban streams on fire? Using studies on fire to learn about the Urban Stream Syndrome. In G. J. Vietz, A. J. Flatley, & I. D. Rutherfurd (Eds.), 8th Australian Stream Management Conference (pp. 683-690). [97] New South Wales: River Basin Management Society.
Beesley, L. ; Pettit, N. ; Gwinn, D. C. ; Davies, P. M. / Are our urban streams on fire? Using studies on fire to learn about the Urban Stream Syndrome. 8th Australian Stream Management Conference. editor / Geoff J. Vietz ; Alissa J. Flatley ; Ian D. Rutherfurd. New South Wales : River Basin Management Society, 2016. pp. 683-690
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abstract = "The Urban Stream Syndrome is a term applied to describe the multiple impacts urbanisation has on aquatic ecosystems. Altered hydrology is considered to be the dominant stressor driving the syndrome. However, the current focus on hydrology may overshadow the importance of other stressors, such as poor water quality and a degraded riparian zone. Separating the effects of altered flow from other stressors is difficult in urban studies, because stressors typically change concomitantly. One novel way to learn is by comparing urban streams to streams affected by fire. Fire causes similar hydrologic symptoms to urbanisation, but can have reduced impacts if the riparian zone remains intact. Importantly, the effects of fire are independent of nonnutrient pollution. Thus fire can provide an insight into the role of hydrologic versus trophic and pollution disturbance in urban streams. Here we use the literature to compare and contrast the effects of urbanisation and fire on streams. We find marked similarities in symptoms between fire affected and urban streams, reinforcing the view that altered flow is the dominant stressor. However, we note some differences which suggest pollution and riparian vegetation exert some influence, even in flow-disturbed systems. We encourage researchers to explore novel ways to advance our understanding of the Urban Stream Syndrome.",
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Beesley, L, Pettit, N, Gwinn, DC & Davies, PM 2016, Are our urban streams on fire? Using studies on fire to learn about the Urban Stream Syndrome. in GJ Vietz, AJ Flatley & ID Rutherfurd (eds), 8th Australian Stream Management Conference., 97, River Basin Management Society, New South Wales, pp. 683-690, 8th Australian River Management Conference, Leura, Australia, 31/07/16.

Are our urban streams on fire? Using studies on fire to learn about the Urban Stream Syndrome. / Beesley, L.; Pettit, N.; Gwinn, D. C.; Davies, P. M.

8th Australian Stream Management Conference. ed. / Geoff J. Vietz; Alissa J. Flatley; Ian D. Rutherfurd. New South Wales : River Basin Management Society, 2016. p. 683-690 97.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paper

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Beesley L, Pettit N, Gwinn DC, Davies PM. Are our urban streams on fire? Using studies on fire to learn about the Urban Stream Syndrome. In Vietz GJ, Flatley AJ, Rutherfurd ID, editors, 8th Australian Stream Management Conference. New South Wales: River Basin Management Society. 2016. p. 683-690. 97