In order to explore the influence of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi in the rhizosphere of poisonous plants on the neighboring pasture grasses in the Tibetan Plateau Alpine meadow ecosystem, rhizosphere soils were collected from eight different poisonous plants in degraded grasslands and one from pasture grass in non-degraded grasslands (CK). The collected soils were used as inocula to assess the influence of indigenous AM fungi on the growth of two typical pasture grass species,?Elymus nutans?and?Poa pratensis, in a bioassay experiment. Five growth parameters and two AM parameters were determined. The mycorrhizal responsiveness and the importance value were calculated. Significant differences between the eight poisonous plants and CK were observed. Compared to CK, rhizosphere soil from the eight poisonous plants had lower AM fungal spore densities. The growth of?E. nutans?and?P. pratensis?seedlings was depressed with the inoculation from poisonous plants rhizosphere soil. This study demonstrated that the presence of poisonous plants with grassland degradation altered inherent AM fungal community abundance, and could exert inhibition effects on the growth of pasture grasses. It may attribute to discover the important role of rhizosphere soil of different poisonous plants to AM fungal community on the Alpine meadow.