Arbuscular mycorrhizae in wheat and field pea crops on a low P soil: increased Zn-uptake but no increase in P-uptake or yield

Megan Ryan, J.F. Angus

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    162 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Few field studies have investigated the contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) to agricultural systems.In this study, the role of AMF in nutrition and yield of dryland autumn-sown wheat and field pea was examinedthrough a 2-year crop sequence experiment on a red loam (Kandosol) in SE Australia. The soil was P-deficientand had low levels of root pathogens. In Year 1, levels of AMF were increased by growing subterranean cloveror LinolaTM and decreased by growing canola or through maintenance of bare fallow with herbicides or tillage.In Year 2, hosts of AMF (wheat and field pea) and non-mycorrhizal canola were grown with 0 P or 20 kg ha−1of P as superphosphate. Yields of all Year 2 crops were increased by P-fertiliser. Year 1 treatment led to 2–3fold variation in colonisation by AMF at each P-level for Year 2 wheat and field pea. High colonisation did notcorrespond with greater crop growth, yield, or uptake of P, K, Ca, Cu or S in wheat or field pea. However, totalcrop Zn-uptake and grain Zn concentration were positively correlated with colonisation by AMF, due to enhancedZn-uptake after anthesis. For wheat, high colonisation also corresponded with reduced Mn-uptake and lower grainMn concentrations. In a glasshouse experiment using a second P-deficient Kandosol, inoculation of wheat withGlomus intraradices and Scutellospora calospora enhanced uptake of Zn and P when no P-fertiliser was applied.We conclude that high colonisation by AMF is unimportant for productivity of the major field crops grown on theKandosol soils that occupy large areas of cropland in temperate SE Australia, even under P-limiting conditions.Investigation of the factors that control functioning of arbuscular mycorrhizae under field conditions, especiallytemperature, is required.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)225-239
    JournalPlant and Soil
    Volume250
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

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