Applying the social-ecological framework to explore bully-victim subgroups in South Korean schools

Jun Sung Hong, Dong Ha Kim, Simon C. Hunter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The present study sought to identify the structure of South Korean student bully and victim groups based upon longitudinal data and the association of groups with social- ecological based factors at the individual (age, sex, father and mothers' educational status, household income, aggression, depression, smoking, drinking, type of family structure), family (neglect, abuse), friend-peer (peer relationships, number of delinquent friends), and school (school activity, school rules, teacher relationship) levels. Method: Participants were 2,284 2nd-year middle school students (50.5% male; M age = 14.0 years) who completed the Korea Children and Youth Panel Survey annually for 3 years. Results: Latent class analysis identified victims (4.5%), bullies (2.8%), bully victims (1%), and uninvolved students (91.8%) across time. At the individual level, compared to uninvolved group, bully victims and bullies were more likely to smoke and drink alcohol; all subgroups had higher levels of aggression; and bullies and victims were more likely to have depression. At the friend-peer level, victims reported poorer quality peer relationships, and both bully victims and bullies reported having more delinquent friends. At the school level, victims and bullies reported being less likely to engage in school activities, and bullies and bully victims reported being less likely to follow school rules. Conclusion: Certain social- ecological variables are relevant risk factors associated with each group of adolescents in South Korea. Our findings call for a holistic intervention strategy that addresses not only bullying but also problems such as smoking and drinking and depressive symptomatology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-277
Number of pages11
JournalPsychology of Violence
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

Fingerprint

Bullying
school
aggression
smoking
Students
Group
Aggression
Drinking
student
Smoking
intervention strategy
Depression
family structure
household income
South Korea
Republic of Korea
Educational Status
Korea
neglect
father

Cite this

@article{82c06de55eac4c0a94741f5769be6c20,
title = "Applying the social-ecological framework to explore bully-victim subgroups in South Korean schools",
abstract = "Objective: The present study sought to identify the structure of South Korean student bully and victim groups based upon longitudinal data and the association of groups with social- ecological based factors at the individual (age, sex, father and mothers' educational status, household income, aggression, depression, smoking, drinking, type of family structure), family (neglect, abuse), friend-peer (peer relationships, number of delinquent friends), and school (school activity, school rules, teacher relationship) levels. Method: Participants were 2,284 2nd-year middle school students (50.5{\%} male; M age = 14.0 years) who completed the Korea Children and Youth Panel Survey annually for 3 years. Results: Latent class analysis identified victims (4.5{\%}), bullies (2.8{\%}), bully victims (1{\%}), and uninvolved students (91.8{\%}) across time. At the individual level, compared to uninvolved group, bully victims and bullies were more likely to smoke and drink alcohol; all subgroups had higher levels of aggression; and bullies and victims were more likely to have depression. At the friend-peer level, victims reported poorer quality peer relationships, and both bully victims and bullies reported having more delinquent friends. At the school level, victims and bullies reported being less likely to engage in school activities, and bullies and bully victims reported being less likely to follow school rules. Conclusion: Certain social- ecological variables are relevant risk factors associated with each group of adolescents in South Korea. Our findings call for a holistic intervention strategy that addresses not only bullying but also problems such as smoking and drinking and depressive symptomatology.",
keywords = "Aggressive behavior, Bullying, Harassment, Peer victimization, Youth violence",
author = "Hong, {Jun Sung} and Kim, {Dong Ha} and Hunter, {Simon C.}",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/vio0000132",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "267--277",
journal = "Psychology of Violence",
issn = "2152-081X",
publisher = "American Psychological Association",
number = "3",

}

Applying the social-ecological framework to explore bully-victim subgroups in South Korean schools. / Hong, Jun Sung; Kim, Dong Ha; Hunter, Simon C.

In: Psychology of Violence, Vol. 9, No. 3, 01.05.2019, p. 267-277.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Applying the social-ecological framework to explore bully-victim subgroups in South Korean schools

AU - Hong, Jun Sung

AU - Kim, Dong Ha

AU - Hunter, Simon C.

PY - 2019/5/1

Y1 - 2019/5/1

N2 - Objective: The present study sought to identify the structure of South Korean student bully and victim groups based upon longitudinal data and the association of groups with social- ecological based factors at the individual (age, sex, father and mothers' educational status, household income, aggression, depression, smoking, drinking, type of family structure), family (neglect, abuse), friend-peer (peer relationships, number of delinquent friends), and school (school activity, school rules, teacher relationship) levels. Method: Participants were 2,284 2nd-year middle school students (50.5% male; M age = 14.0 years) who completed the Korea Children and Youth Panel Survey annually for 3 years. Results: Latent class analysis identified victims (4.5%), bullies (2.8%), bully victims (1%), and uninvolved students (91.8%) across time. At the individual level, compared to uninvolved group, bully victims and bullies were more likely to smoke and drink alcohol; all subgroups had higher levels of aggression; and bullies and victims were more likely to have depression. At the friend-peer level, victims reported poorer quality peer relationships, and both bully victims and bullies reported having more delinquent friends. At the school level, victims and bullies reported being less likely to engage in school activities, and bullies and bully victims reported being less likely to follow school rules. Conclusion: Certain social- ecological variables are relevant risk factors associated with each group of adolescents in South Korea. Our findings call for a holistic intervention strategy that addresses not only bullying but also problems such as smoking and drinking and depressive symptomatology.

AB - Objective: The present study sought to identify the structure of South Korean student bully and victim groups based upon longitudinal data and the association of groups with social- ecological based factors at the individual (age, sex, father and mothers' educational status, household income, aggression, depression, smoking, drinking, type of family structure), family (neglect, abuse), friend-peer (peer relationships, number of delinquent friends), and school (school activity, school rules, teacher relationship) levels. Method: Participants were 2,284 2nd-year middle school students (50.5% male; M age = 14.0 years) who completed the Korea Children and Youth Panel Survey annually for 3 years. Results: Latent class analysis identified victims (4.5%), bullies (2.8%), bully victims (1%), and uninvolved students (91.8%) across time. At the individual level, compared to uninvolved group, bully victims and bullies were more likely to smoke and drink alcohol; all subgroups had higher levels of aggression; and bullies and victims were more likely to have depression. At the friend-peer level, victims reported poorer quality peer relationships, and both bully victims and bullies reported having more delinquent friends. At the school level, victims and bullies reported being less likely to engage in school activities, and bullies and bully victims reported being less likely to follow school rules. Conclusion: Certain social- ecological variables are relevant risk factors associated with each group of adolescents in South Korea. Our findings call for a holistic intervention strategy that addresses not only bullying but also problems such as smoking and drinking and depressive symptomatology.

KW - Aggressive behavior

KW - Bullying

KW - Harassment

KW - Peer victimization

KW - Youth violence

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85021776048&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/vio0000132

DO - 10.1037/vio0000132

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 267

EP - 277

JO - Psychology of Violence

JF - Psychology of Violence

SN - 2152-081X

IS - 3

ER -