Application timing of herbicides, glyphosate and atrazine, sway respective epidemics of foliar pathogens in herbicide-tolerant rapeseed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Rapeseed (Brassica napus) production in Australia relies heavily on triazine-or glyphosate-tolerant cultivars. For 14 triazine-tolerant cultivars, disease development of Neopseudocercosporella capsellae (white leaf spot), Alternaria brassicae and A. japonica (Alternaria leaf spot), and Hyaloperonospora brassicae (downy mildew) were all dependent upon herbicide application timing (p < 0.001), with significant differences between cultivars (p < 0.001) and a significant interaction (p < 0.001) between herbicide application timing and cultivars. Atrazine applied preinfection by N. capsellae, A. brassicae, or A. japonica enhanced disease incidence, severity, and leaf collapse, while atrazine application postinfection for these same pathogens reduced all three disease parameters. However, for H. brassicae, application of atrazine after, and especially prior to, infection resulted in lower disease incidence, severity, and leaf collapse. Application of glyphosate on five glyphosate-tolerant cultivars for N. capsellae resulted in significant differences (p < 0.05) between glyphosate application treatments, and between host cultivars in terms of incidence and consequent leaf collapse. For A. brassicae, A. japonica, and H. brassicae, glyphosate resulted in significant differences (p < 0.001) across application timings between cultivars, and a significant interaction (p < 0.001) between herbicide application timings and cultivars. Glyphosate applied on glyphosate-resistant rapeseed after, and especially prior to, attack by H. brassicae, reduced downy mildew. These are the first studies to highlight how the timing of application of triazine or glyphosate in relation to pathogen infection is critical to the susceptibility of rapeseed to white leaf spot, Alternaria leaf spot, and downy mildew. This new understanding offers fresh possibilities for improved management of these diseases in herbicide-tolerant rapeseed crops.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPlant Pathology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021

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